X-ray spectrometer in 2D imaging mode. The axis of the plasma expansion coincides with the z-direction, spectra are observed tangentially to the laser-irradiated target surface xy.
2D spatially resolved monochromatic images of the expanding plasma formation at the massive Al target (non-constrained flow). The ion distribution is visualized via the Lyα emission of the hydrogenic Al (left) and resonance (w) and intercombination (y) lines of the He-like Al (right).
2D images of the plasma jet produced at cylindrical Al target with the diameter of 400 μm embedded into plastic.
Spatially resolved K-shell spectral emission from the laser-irradiated massive Al target (a) and from the cylindrical Al target embedded into plastic (b).
Spatial distribution of the plasma electron temperature observed at the bare and constrained-flow Al targets.
MEDUSA quasi-planar simulation of the temporal distribution of the electron density ne , temperature Te , and the excited state population Heα of the He-like Al ions in the distance of 1 mm from the target surface.
Distributions of ion current densities for the bare Al target (a) and the Al-plastic target (b) measured at different angles with respect to the laser beam axis at a distance from the target L0 = 40 cm.
The ion charge density distributions emitted in directions of the collectors for the bare Al target (a) and the Al-plastic target (b) at instant of 1 μs after the laser pulse.
Spatial distributions of the ion charge density for the bare Al target (a) and the Al-plastic target (b) at the moment of 1 μs after the laser pulse.
Comparison of distributions of the ion charge density for the bare Al target and the Al-plastic target in perpendicular (a) and parallel (b) directions regarding the target surface.
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