Profiles show the normalized wake potential (a) both in presence (red dash) and absence (blue solid) of charge fluctuation, having normalized grain radius g = 0.2896, T e = 1.7 eV, T i = 0.02T e , and . (b)In the presence of charging with M = 0.5 (red dash) and M = 1.5 (bluesolid) having normalized electron (ion) attachment time P = 3.9 (Q = 0.08).
The plot shows the variation in equilibrium charging time with normalized Ion flow speed M (Mach number) for the given set of plasma parameters having normalized grain radius g = 0.57 (red solid) and 0.86 (blue dash).
The plot shows (a) normalized electron attachment time P vs. M, having normalized grain size g = 0.2896 (red dash) and 0.4343 (red solid line). (b) Normalized ion attachment time Q vs. M, having normalized grain size g = 0.2896 (red dash) and 0.4343 (red solid line). (c) Normalized wake potential with Mach number M = 0.5, having g = 0.29 (red solid), 0.57 (green dash), and 0.86 (blue dotted).
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