1887
banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
f
The physics of tokamak start-upa)
a) Paper UT3 1, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. , 340 (2012).
Rent:
Rent this article for
Access full text Article
/content/aip/journal/pop/20/5/10.1063/1.4804416
1.
1. B. Wan, Plasma Sci. Technol. 9, 125 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1009-0630/9/2/01
2.
2. Y.-K. Oh, W. C. Kim, K. R. Park, M. K. Park, H. L. Yang, Y. S. Kim, Y. Chu, Y. O. Kim, J. G. Bak, E. N. Baang, S. W. Yoon, S. H. Hahn, H. J. Lee, S. H. Park, K. H. Kim, J. Hong, S. H. Baek, M. K. Kim, T. G. Lee, S. I. Lee, Y. S. Bae, H. Yonekawa, J. H. Choi, I. S. Hwang, Y. J. Kim, K. W. Cho, Y. M. Park, J. Y. Kim, J. H. Lee, J. S. Bak, M. Kwon, G. S. Lee, J. G. Kwak, H. S. Ahn, M. L. Walker, D. A. Humphreys, J. A. Leuer, A. Hyatt, G. Jackson, D. Mueller, and D. P. Ivanov, Fusion Eng. Des. 84, 344 (2009).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2008.12.099
3.
3. P. H. Rebut, R. J. Bickerton, and B. E. Keen, Nucl. Fusion 25, 1011 (1985).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/25/9/003
4.
4. G. F. Matthews, P. Coad, H. Greuner, M. Hill, T. Hirai, J. Likonen, H. Maier, M. Mayer, R. Neu, V. Philipps, R. Pitts, and V. Riccardo, J. Nucl. Mater. 390, 934 (2009).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2009.01.239
5.
5. J. E. Menard, S. Gerhardt, M. Bell, J. Bialek, A. Brooks, J. Canik, J. Chrzanowski, M. Denault, L. Dudek, D. A. Gates, N. Gorelenkov, W. Guttenfelder, R. Hatcher, J. Hosea, R. Kaita, S. Kaye, C. Kessel, E. Kolemen, H. Kugel, R. Maingi, M. Mardenfeld, D. Mueller, B. Nelson, C. Neumeyer, M. Ono, E. Perry, R. Ramakrishnan, R. Raman, Y. Ren, S. Sabbagh, M. Smith, V. Soukhanovskii, T. Stevenson, R. Strykowsky, D. Stutman, G. Taylor, P. Titus, K. Tresemer, K. Tritz, M. Viola, M. Williams, R. Woolley, H. Yuh, H. Zhang, Y. Zhai, A. Zolfaghari, and NSTX Team, Nucl. Fusion 52, 083015 (2012).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/52/8/083015
6.
6. N. Hosogane, JT-60SA Design Team, and Japan-Europe Satellite Tokamak Working Group, Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 375 (2007).
7.
7. M. Shimada, D. J. Campbell, V. Mukhovatov, M. Fujiwara, N. Kirneva, K. Lackner, M. Nagami, V. D. Pustovitov, N. Uckan, J. Wesley, N. Asakura, A. E. Costley, A. J. H. Donné, E. J. Doyle, A. Fasoli, C. Gormezano, Y. Gribov, O. Gruber, T. C. Hender, W. Houlberg, S. Ide, Y. Kamada, A. Leonard, B. Lipschultz, A. Loarte, K. Miyamoto, V. Mukhovatov, T. H. Osborne, A. Polevoi, and A. C. C. Sips, Nucl. Fusion 47, S1 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/47/6/S01
8.
8. M. Ushigome, S. Ide1, S. Itoh, E. Jotaki, O. Mitarai, S. Shiraiwa, T. Suzuki, Y. Takase, S. Tanaka, T. Fujita, P. Gohil, Y. Kamada1, L. Lao, T. Luce, Y. Miura, O. Naito, T. Ozeki, P. Politzer, Y. Sakamoto, and JT-60 Team, Nucl. Fusion 46, 207 (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/46/2/003
9.
9. J. A. Leuer, G. Cunningham, D. Mueller, N. H. Brooks, N. W. Eidietis, D. A. Humphreys, A. W. Hyatt, G. L. Jackson, J. Lohr, P. A. Politzer, R. I. Pinsker, R. Prater, P. L. Taylor, M. L. Walker, R. V. Budny, D. A. Gates, A. Nagy, S.-H. Hahn, Y.-K. Oh, S.-W. Yoon, J. H. Yu, M. Murakami, J. M. Park, and A. C. Sontag, Nucl. Fusion 51, 063038 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/51/6/063038
10.
10. V. F. Shevchenko1, M. R. O'Brien1, D. Taylor et al., Nucl. Fusion 50, 022004 (2010).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/50/2/022004
11.
11. B. A. Nelson, T. R. Jarboe, A. K. Martin, D. J. Orvis, J. Xie, C. Zhang, and L. Zhou, Phys. Plasmas 2, 2337 (1995).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.871258
12.
12. N. W. Eidietis, R. J. Fonck, G. D. Garstka, E. A. Unterberg, and G. R. Winz, J. Fusion Energy 26, 43 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10894-006-9072-z
13.
13. M. Gryzinski, Phys. Rev. 138, A305, A322, A336 (1965).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.138.A305
14.
14. J. S. Townsend, Electricity in Gases (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1915).
15.
15. S. C. Brown, Introduction to Electrical Discharges in Gases (John Wiley and Sons, 1966).
16.
16. F. Paschen, Ann. Phys. 273(5), 69 (1989);
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/andp.v273:5
16. M. A. Lieberman and A. J. Lichtenberg, Principles of Plasma Discharges and Materials Processing (John Wiley & Sons Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005).
17.
17. B. Lloyd, G. L. Jackson, T. S. Taylor, E. A. Lazarus, T. C. Luce, and R. Prater, Nucl. Fusion 31, 2031 (1991).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/31/11/001
18.
18. R. Papoular, Nucl. Fusion 16, 37 (1976).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/16/1/004
19.
19. A. Tanga, P. R. Thomas, J. G. Cordey, J. P. Christiansen, S. Ejima, A. Kellman, E. Lazzaro, P. J. Lomas, P. Morgan, F. Nave, P. Noll, and F. C. Schuller, in Tokamak Start-up, edited by H. Knoepfel (Plenum Press, NY, 1985).
20.
20. D. E. Post, R. V. Jensen, C. B. Tarter, W. H. Grasberger, and W. A. Lokke, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 20, 397 (1977).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0092-640X(77)90026-2
21.
21. A. E. Pontau and D. H. Morse, J. Nucl. Mater. 141–143, 124 (1986).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3115(86)80021-6
22.
22. G. L. Jackson, T. S. Taylor, and P. L. Taylor, Nucl. Fusion 30, 2305 (1990).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/30/11/008
23.
23. J. Winter, H. G. Esser, L. Könen, V. Philipps, H. Reimer, J. v. Seggern, J. Schlüter, E. Vietzke, F. Waelbroeck, P. Wienhold, T. Banno, D. Ringer, and S. Vepřek, J. Nucl. Mater. 162–164, 713 (1989).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-3115(89)90352-8
24.
24. H. W. Kugel, M. G. Bell, J.-W. Ahn, J. P. Allain, R. Bell, J. Boedo, C. Bush, D. Gates, T. Gray, S. Kaye, R. Kaita, B. LeBlanc, R. Maingi, R. Majeski, D. Mansfield, J. Menard, D. Mueller, M. Ono, S. Paul, R. Raman, A. L. Roquemore, P. W. Ross, S. Sabbagh, H. Schneider, C. H. Skinner, V. Soukhanovskii, T. Stevenson, J. Timberlake, W. R. Wampler, and L. Zakharov, Phys. Plasmas 15, 056118 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2906260
25.
25. R. L. Neu, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 38(3), 454 (2010).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPS.2010.2040092
26.
26. H.-T. Kim, W. Fundamenski, A. C. C. Sips, and EFDA-JET Contributors, Nucl. Fusion 52, 103016 (2012).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/52/10/103016
27.
27. P. C. de Vries et al., “ Comparison of plasma breakdown with a carbon and ITER-like wall,” Nucl. Fusion (submitted);
27. P. C. de Vries, P. J. Lomas, F. Maviglia, R. Albanese, I. Coffey, E. Joffrin, M. Lehnen, A. Manzanares, M. O'Mulane, I. Nunes, G. van Rooij, F. G. Rimini, M. F. Stamp, and JET-EFDA Contributors, in 25th IAEA, SanDiego, EXD4-2, 2012.
28.
28. B. Lloyd, P. G. Carolan, and C. D. Warric, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 38, 1627 (1996).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/38/9/007
29.
29. G. L. Jackson, J. S. deGrassie, C. P. Moeller, and R. Prater, Nucl. Fusion 47, 257 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/47/4/003
30.
30. K. Kajiwara, Y. Ikeda, M. Seki, S. Moriyama, T. Oikawa, T. Fujii, and JT-60 Team, Nucl. Fusion 45, 694 (2005).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/45/7/019
31.
31. G. L. Jackson, P. A. Politzer, D. A. Humphreys, T. A. Casper, A. W. Hyatt, J. A. Leuer, J. Lohr, T. C. Luce, M. A. Van Zeeland, and J. H. Yu, Phys. Plasmas 17, 056116 (2010).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3374242
32.
32. G. L. Jackson, M. E. Austin, J. S. de Grassie, A. W. Hyatt, J. M. Lohr, T. C. Luce, R. Prater, and W. P. West, Fusion Sci. Technol. 57, 27 (2010).
33.
33. J. A. Leuer, B. J. Xiao, D. A. Humphreys, M. L. Walker, A. W. Hyatt, G. L. Jackson, D. Mueller, B. G. Penaflor, D. A. Piglowski, R. D. Johnson, A. S. Welander, Q. P. Yuan, H. Z. Wang, J. R. Luo, and EAST Team, Fusion Sci. Technol. 57, 48 (2010).
34.
34. H. Yonekawa, Y. O. Kim, H. J. Lee, S. W. Yoon, S. Hahn, K. S. Lee et al., IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19, 15731576 (2009).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TASC.2009.2018486
35.
35. J. Kim, S. W. Yoon, Y. M. Jeon, J. A. Leuer, N. W. Eidietis, D. Mueller, S. Park, Y. U. Nam, J. Chung, K. D. Lee, S. H. Hahn, Y. S. Bae, W. C. Kim, Y. K. Oh, H. L. Yang, K. R. Park, H. K. Na, and KSTAR Team, Nucl. Fusion 51, 083034 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/51/8/083034
36.
36. I. H. Hutchinson, R. Boivin, F. Bombarda, P. Bonoli, S. Fairfax, C. Fiore, J. Goetz, S. Golovato, R. Granetz, M. Greenwald, S. Horne, A. Hubbard, J. Irby, B. LaBombard, B. Lipschultz, E. Marmar, G. McCracken, M. Porkolab, J. Rice, J. Snipes, Y. Takase, J. Terry, S. Wolfe, C. Christensen, D. Garnier, M. Graf, T. Hsu, T. Luke, M. May, A. Niemczewski, G. Tinios, J. Schachter, and J. Urbahn, Phys. Plasmas 1, 1511 (1994).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.870701
37.
37. J. Wesson, R. D. Gill, M. Hugonet, J. A. Snipes, D. J. Ward, D. V. Bartlett, D. J. Campbell, P. A. Duperrex, A. W. Edwards, R. S. Granetz, N. A. O. Gottardi, T. C. Hender, E. Lazzaro, P. J. Lomas, N. Lopes Cardozo, K. F. Mast, M. F. F. Nave, N. A. Salmon, P. Smeulders, P. R. Thomas, B. J. D. Tubbing, M. F. Turner, and A. Weller, Nucl. Fusion 29, 641 (1989).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/29/4/009
38.
38. G. Jackson, T. A. Casper, T. C. Luce, D. A. Humphreys, J. R. Ferron, A. W. Hyatt, E. A. Lazarus, R. A. Moyer, T. W. Petrie, D. L. Rudakov, and W. P. West, Nucl. Fusion 48, 125002 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/48/12/125002
39.
39. D. A. Gates, C. Jun, I. Zatz, and A. Zolfaghari, Fusion Eng. Des. 86, 41 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2010.08.001
40.
40. W. Choe, J. Kim, and M. Ono, Nucl. Fusion 45, 1463 (2005).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/45/12/001
41.
41. F. Jobes, J. Stevens, R. Bell, S. Bernabei, A. Cavallo, T. K. Chu, S. Cohen, B. Denne, P. Efthimion, E. Hinnov, W. Hooke, J. Hosea, E. Mazzucato, R. McWilliams, R. Motley, S. Suckewer, G. Taylor, J. Timberlake, S. von Goeler, and R. Wilson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52(12), 1005 (1984);
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.52.1005
41. C. F. F. Karney, N. J. Fisch, and F. C. Jobes, Phys. Rev. A 32, 25542556 (1985);
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.32.2554
41. N. J. Fisch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 59, 175234 (1987).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/RevModPhys.59.175
42.
42. G. L. Jackson, D. A. Humphreys, A. W. Hyatt, J. M. Lohr, T. C. Luce, and J. H. Yu, Nucl. Fusion 51, 083015 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/51/8/083015
43.
43. A. Ejiri, Y. Takase, H. Kasaharaet, T. Yamada, K. Hanada, K. N. Sato, H. Zushi, K. Nakamura, M. Sakamoto, H. Idei, M. Hasegawa, A. Iyomasa, N. Imamura, K. Esaki, M. Kitaguchi, K. Sasaki, H. Hoshika, O. Mitarai, and N. Nishino, Nucl. Fusion 46, 709 (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/46/7/003
44.
44. T. Yoshinaga, M. Uchida, H. Tanaka, and T. Maekawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 125005 (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.125005
45.
45. A. Montes and G. O. Ludwig, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 28, 1765 (I986).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/28/12A/003
46.
46. V. Shevchenko, in EC-15 Joint Workshop, Yosemite, CA, USA (2008).
47.
47. H. P. Laqua, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 49, R1 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/49/4/R01
48.
48. D. J. Battaglia, M. W. Bongard, R. J. Fonck, and A. J. Redd, Nucl. Fusion 51, 073029 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/51/7/073029
49.
49. R. Raman, T. R. Jarboe, W. T. Hamp, A. J. Redd, B. A. Nelson, R. G. O'Neill, P. E. Sieck, and R. J. Smith, Phys. Plasmas 14, 022504 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2437115
50.
50. R. Raman, T. R. Jarboe1, D. Mueller, B. A. Nelson, M. G. Bell, R. Bell, D. Gates, S. Gerhardt, J. Hosea, R. Kaita, H. Kugel, B. LeBlanc, R. Maingi, R. Maqueda, J. Menard, M. Nagata, M. Ono, S. Paul, L. Roquemore, S. Sabbagh, V. Soukhanovskii, and G. Taylor, Nucl. Fusion 49, 065006 (2009).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/49/6/065006
51.
51. D. J. Battaglia, M. W. Bongard, R. J. Fonck, A. J. Redd, and A. C. Sontag, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 225003 (2009).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.225003
52.
52. D. J. Battaglia, J. Fusion Energy 28, 140 (2009).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10894-008-9165-y
53.
53. T. R. Jarboe, Fusion Technol. 15, 7 (1989).
54.
54. B. A. Nelson, T. R. Jarboe, D. Mueller, B. A. Nelson, M. G. Bell, M. Ono, T. Bigelow, R. Kaita, B. LeBlanc, R. Maqueda, J. Menard, S. Paul, L. Roquemore, and NSTX Research Team, Nucl. Fusion 51, 063008 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/51/6/063008
55.
55. D. Mueller, M. G. Bell, R. Bell, B. P. Benoit, A. L. Roquemore, R. Raman, T. R. Jarboe, B. A. Nelson, S. A. Sabbagh, and V. Soukanovskii, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 38, 371 (2010).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPS.2009.2038474
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/pop/20/5/10.1063/1.4804416
Loading
/content/aip/journal/pop/20/5/10.1063/1.4804416
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/aip/journal/pop/20/5/10.1063/1.4804416
2013-05-10
2015-04-28

Abstract

Tokamak start-up on present-day devices usually relies on inductively induced voltage from a central solenoid. In some cases, inductive startup is assisted with auxiliary power from electron cyclotron radio frequency heating. International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor, the National Spherical Torus Experiment Upgrade and JT60, now under construction, will make use of the understanding gained from present-day devices to ensure successful start-up. Design of a spherical tokamak (ST) with DT capability for nuclear component testing would require an alternative to a central solenoid because the small central column in an ST has insufficient space to provide shielding for the insulators in the solenoid. Alternative start-up techniques such as induction using outer poloidal field coils, electron Bernstein wave start-up, coaxial helicity injection, and point source helicity injection have been used with success, but require demonstration of scaling to higher plasma current.

Loading

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/aip/journal/pop/20/5/1.4804416.html;jsessionid=er85jw5wzl2a.x-aip-live-02?itemId=/content/aip/journal/pop/20/5/10.1063/1.4804416&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah&containerItemId=content/aip/journal/pop
true
true
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address

Oops! This section, does not exist...

Use the links on this page to find existing content.

752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: The physics of tokamak start-upa)
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/pop/20/5/10.1063/1.4804416
10.1063/1.4804416
SEARCH_EXPAND_ITEM