banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
Spontaneous ion beam formation in the laboratory, space, and simulation
Rent this article for
View: Figures


Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

(a) Typical LIF measured ivdf (filled circles) as a function of velocity in the expansion chamber for operating parameters that do not result in the formation of an ion beam. (b) LIF measured ivdf (circles) as a function of velocity in the expansion chamber 38 cm downstream of the plasma source. A three Maxwellian component fit (solid line) yields identical ion temperatures of ∼0.16 eV for all three components. (c) Same data as (b) minus the fit to the stationary background population. A very small third accelerated population appears around 2500 m/s.

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

Smoothed fits to LIF measured ivdfs for a single double layer case as a function of velocity in the expansion chamber at three different downstream locations for source parameters that result in the formation of only a single downstream ion beam population. Over more than 11 cm, there is no change in the velocity of the accelerated ion population.

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

The ion velocity distribution function along the outflow direction (reduced to one dimension by integrating over the over two velocity components) for a bursty bulk flow event on 26 February 2008 at (a) 11:12:52 and 3s later at (b) 11:12:55. A large background signal in the measurement at zero velocity due to photoemission and spacecraft charging has been deleted from the figure (the dashed line corresponds to the contaminated region ofthe distribution). Two accelerated ion populations appear in both measurements.

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

Ion velocity distribution (as a function of velocity normalized to the initial Alfvén velocity) along the outflow direction from a particle-in-cell numerical simulation of magnetic reconnection. The distribution is obtained 20 ion inertial lengths downstream of the reconnection site and is integrated over the other two coordinate directions. The ion velocity distribution includes two accelerated ion populations plus a stationary background population.


Article metrics loading...


Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Spontaneous ion beam formation in the laboratory, space, and simulation