Skip to main content

News about Scitation

In December 2016 Scitation will launch with a new design, enhanced navigation and a much improved user experience.

To ensure a smooth transition, from today, we are temporarily stopping new account registration and single article purchases. If you already have an account you can continue to use the site as normal.

For help or more information please visit our FAQs.

banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
/content/aip/journal/pop/23/6/10.1063/1.4954151
1.
AIAA, “ Guide for the verification and validation of computational fluid dynamics simulations,” Technical Report No. AIAA G-077-1998(2002), The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1998.
2.
Fusion Energy Sciences Advisory Committee, Report on Strategic Planning, 2014.
3.
U.S. Department of Energy, The Office of Science's Fusion Energy Sciences Program: A Ten-Year Perspective (U.S. Dept. of Energy, 2015).
4.
ITER Physics Basis Editors and ITER Physics Expert Group Chairs and Co-Chairs and ITER Joint Central Team and Physics Integration Unit, Nucl. Fusion 39, 2137 (1999).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/39/12/301
5.
ASME, “ Standard for verification and validation in computational fluid dynamics and heat transfer,” Technical Report No. ASME Standard V&V 20-2009, The American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2009.
6.
P. J. Roache, Ann. Rev. Fluid Mech. 29, 123 (1997).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.fluid.29.1.123
7.
F. Stern, R. V. Wilson, H. W. Coleman, and E. G. Paterson, J. Fluids Eng. 123, 793 (2001).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.1412235
8.
W. L. Oberkampf and T. Trucano, Prog. Aero. Sci. 38, 209 (2002).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0376-0421(02)00005-2
9.
W. Oberkampf, T. Trucano, and C. Hirsch, App. Mech. Rev. 57, 345 (2004).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.1767847
10.
W. L. Oberkampf and M. F. Barone, J. Comput. Phys. 217, 5 (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcp.2006.03.037
11.
Y. Liu, W. Chen, P. Arendt, and H.-Z. Huang, J. Mech. Design 133, 071005 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.4004223
12.
P. J. Roache, Fundamentals of Verification and Validation ( Hermosa Publishers, 2009).
13.
W. L. Oberkampf and C. J. Roy, Verification and Validation in Scientific Computing ( Cambridge University Press, 2012).
14.
P. W. Terry, M. Greenwald, J.-N. Leboeuf, G. R. McKee, D. R. Mikkelsen, W. M. Nevins, D. E. Newman, and D. Stotler, Phys. Plasmas 15, 062503 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2928909
15.
M. Greenwald, Phys. Plasmas 17, 058101 (2010).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3298884
16.
ITER Physics Expert Group on Confinement and Transport and ITER Physics Expert Group on Confinement Modelling and Database and ITER Physics Basis Editors, Nucl. Fusion 39, 2175 (1999).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/39/12/302
17.
D. W. Ross, R. V. Bravenec, W. Dorland, M. A. Beer, G. W. Hammett, G. R. McKee, R. J. Fonck, M. Murakami, K. H. Burrell, G. L. Jackson, and G. M. Staebler, Phys. Plasmas 9, 177 (2002).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1424925
18.
D. W. Ross and W. Dorland, Phys. Plasmas 9, 5031 (2002).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1518997
19.
G. W. Hammett and F. W. Perkins, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 3019 (1990).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.64.3019
20.
E. J. Doyle, W. A. Houlberg, Y. Kamada, V. Mukhovatov, T. H. Osborne, A. Polevoi, G. Bateman, J. W. Connor, J. G. Cordey, T. Fujita, X. Garbet, T. S. Hahm, L. D. Horton, A. E. Hubbard, F. Imbeaux, F. Jenko, J. Kinsey, Y. Kishimoto, J. Li, T. C. Luce, Y. Martin, M. Ossipenko, V. Parail, A. Peeters, T. L. Rhodes, J. E. Rice, C. M. Roach, V. Rozhansky, F. Ryter, G. Saibene, R. Sartori, A. C. C. Sips, J. A. Snipes, M. Sugihara, E. J. Synakowski, H. Takenaga, T. Takizuka, K. Thomsen, M. R. Wade, H. R. Wilson, and ITPA Transport Physics Topical Group and ITPA Confinement Database and Modelling Topical Group and ITPA Pedestal and Edge Topical Group, Nucl. Fusion 47, S18 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/47/6/S02
21.
See http://juq.siam.org/cgi-bin/main.plex for SIAM/ASA Journal on Uncertainty Quantification (JUQ).
22.
D. Borland and R. Taylor, IEEE Comput. Graphics Appl. 27, 14 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MCG.2007.323435
23.
J. G. Cordey, B. Balet, D. Campbell, C. D. Challis, J. P. Christiansen, C. Gormezano, C. Gowers, D. Muir, E. Righi, G. R. Saibene, P. M. Stubberfield, and K. Thomsen, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 38, A67 (1996).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/38/12A/006
24.
C. C. Petty, Phys. Plasmas 15, 080501 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2961043
25.
T. C. Luce, C. C. Petty, and J. G. Cordey, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 50, 043001 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/50/4/043001
26.
B. J. Green and ITER International Team and Participant Teams, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 45, 687 (2003).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/45/5/312
27.
C. Gormezano, A. Sips, T. Luce, S. Ide, A. Becoulet, X. Litaudon, A. Isayama, J. Hobirk, M. Wade, T. Oikawa, R. Prater, A. Zvonkov, B. Lloyd, T. Suzuki, E. Barbato, P. Bonoli, C. Phillips, V. Vdovin, E. Joffrin, T. Casper, J. Ferron, D. Mazon, D. Moreau, R. Bundy, C. Kessel, A. Fukuyama, N. Hayashi, F. Imbeaux, M. Murakami, A. Polevoi, and H. S. John, Nucl. Fusion 47, S285 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/47/6/S06
28.
A. W. Leonard, Phys. Plasmas 21, 090501 (2014).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4894742
29.
T. E. Evans, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 57, 123001 (2015).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/57/12/123001
30.
E. Joffrin, M. Baruzzo, M. Beurskens, C. Bourdelle, S. Brezinsek, J. Bucalossi, P. Buratti, G. Calabro, C. D. Challis, M. Clever, J. Coenen, E. Delabie, R. Dux, P. Lomas, E. de la Luna, P. de Vries, J. Flanagan, L. Frassinetti, D. Frigione, C. Giroud, M. Groth, N. Hawkes, J. Hobirk, M. Lehnen, G. Maddison, J. Mailloux, C. Maggi, G. Matthews, M. Mayoral, A. Meigs, R. Neu, I. Nunes, T. Puetterich, F. Rimini, M. Sertoli, B. Sieglin, A. Sips, G. van Rooij, I. Voitsekhovitch, and J. Contributors, Nucl. Fusion 54, 013011 (2014).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/54/1/013011
31.
H. Sugama and W. Horton, Phys. Plasmas 5, 2560 (1998).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.872941
32.
S. Braginskii, Review of Plasma Physics ( Consultants Bureau, New York, 1965), p. 214.
33.
F. Hinton and R. Hazeltine, Rev. Mod. Phys. 48, 239 (1976).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/RevModPhys.48.239
34.
P. Helander and D. Sigmar, Collisional Transport in Magnetized Plasmas ( Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2002).
35.
W. Horton, Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 735 (1999).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/RevModPhys.71.735
36.
J. Weiland, Collective Modes in Inhomogeneous Plasmas ( Institute of Physics Publishing, London, 1999).
37.
E. Frieman and L. Chen, Phys. Fluids 25, 502 (1982).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.863762
38.
G. W. Hammett, W. Dorland, and F. W. Perkins, Phys. Fluids B 4, 2052 (1992).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.860014
39.
R. E. Waltz, R. R. Dominguez, and G. W. Hammett, Phys. Fluids B 4, 3138 (1992).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.860422
40.
W. Dorland and G. W. Hammett, Phys. Fluids B 5, 812 (1993).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.860934
41.
M. A. Beer and G. W. Hammett, Phys. Plasmas 3, 4046 (1996).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.871538
42.
P. B. Snyder and G. W. Hammett, Phys. Plasmas 8, 3199 (2001).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1374238
43.
G. M. Staebler, J. E. Kinsey, and R. E. Waltz, Phys. Plasmas 12, 102508 (2005).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2044587
44.
B. Scott, Phys. Plasmas 17, 102306 (2010).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3484219
45.
J. Madsen, Phys. Plasmas 20, 072301 (2013).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4813241
46.
G. M. Staebler, J. E. Kinsey, and R. E. Waltz, Phys. Plasmas 14, 055909 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2436852
47.
R. J. Hastie, Astrophys. Space Sci. 256, 177 (1997).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1001728227899
48.
H. P. Furth, J. Killeen, and M. N. Rosenbluth, Phys. Fluids 6, 459 (1963).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1706761
49.
R. Fitzpatrick, Nucl. Fusion 33, 1049 (1993).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/33/7/I08
50.
D. A. Spong, Phys. Plasmas 22, 055602 (2015).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4921255
51.
J. Scoville, D. Humphreys, J. Ferron, and P. Gohil, in Proceedings of the 24th Symposium on Fusion Technology SOFT-24 [Fusion Eng. Des. 82, 1045 (2007)].
52.
M. Kotschenreuther, G. Rewoldt, and W. Tang, Comput. Phys. Commun. 88, 128 (1995).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0010-4655(95)00035-E
53.
F. Jenko, W. Dorland, M. Kotschenreuther, and B. Rogers, Phys. Plasmas 7, 1904 (2000).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.874014
54.
J. Candy and R. Waltz, J. Comput. Phys. 186, 545 (2003).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9991(03)00079-2
55.
A. G. Peeters, Y. Camenen, F. J. Casson, W. A. Hornsby, A. P. Snodin, D. Strintzi, and G. Szepesi, Comput. Phys. Commun. 180, 2650 (2009).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cpc.2009.07.001
56.
S. Maeyama, T. Watanabe, Y. Idomura, M. Nakata, M. Nunami, and A. Ishizawa, Plasma Fusion Res. 8, 1403150 (2013).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1585/pfr.8.1403150
57.
Z. Lin, T. Hahm, W. Lee, W. Tang, and R. White, Science 281, 1835 (1998).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.281.5384.1835
58.
W. Wang, G. Rewoldt, W. Tang, F. Hinton, J. Manickam, L. Zakharov, R. White, and S. Kaye, Phys. Plasmas 13, 082501 (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2244532
59.
Y. Chen and S. E. Parker, J. Comput. Phys. 220, 839 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcp.2006.05.028
60.
V. Grandgirard, Y. Sarazin, P. Angelino, A. Bottino, N. Crouseilles, G. Darmet, G. Dif-Pradalier, X. Garbet, P. Ghendrih, S. Jolliet, G. Latu, E. Sonnendrücker, and L. Villard, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 49, B173 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/49/12B/S16
61.
S. Jolliet, A. Bottino, P. Angelino, R. Hatzky, T. Tran, B. Mcmillan, O. Sauter, K. Appert, Y. Idomura, and L. Villard, Comput. Phys. Commun. 177, 409 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cpc.2007.04.006
62.
S. Ku, C. S. Chang, and P. H. Diamond, Nucl. Fusion 49, 115021 (2009).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/49/11/115021
63.
J. Candy, C. Holland, R. E. Waltz, M. R. Fahey, and E. Belli, Phys. Plasmas 16, 060704 (2009).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3167820
64.
M. Barnes, I. G. Abel, W. Dorland, T. Goerler, G. W. Hammett, and F. Jenko, Phys. Plasmas 17, 056109 (2010), APS Invited Paper DI3.00001.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3323082
65.
N. Howard, A. White, M. Greenwald, C. Holland, and J. Candy, Phys. Plasmas 21, 032308 (2014).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4869078
66.
N. T. Howard, C. Holland, A. E. White, M. Greenwald, and J. Candy, Phys. Plasmas 21, 112510 (2014).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4902366
67.
S. Maeyama, Y. Idomura, T.-H. Watanabe, M. Nakata, M. Yagi, N. Miyato, A. Ishizawa, and M. Nunami, Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 255002 (2015).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.114.255002
68.
N. T. Howard, C. Holland, A. E. White, M. Greenwald, and J. Candy, Nucl. Fusion 56, 014004 (2016).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/56/1/014004
69.
A. Fukuyama, K. Itoh, S. I. Itoh, M. Yagi, and M. Azumi, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 37, 611 (1995).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/37/6/002
70.
C. Bourdelle, X. Garbet, F. Imbeaux, A. Casati, N. Dubuit, R. Guirlet, and T. Parisot, Phys. Plasmas 14, 112501 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2800869
71.
T. Rafiq, A. H. Kritz, J. Weiland, A. Y. Pankin, and L. Luo, Phys. Plasmas 20, 032506 (2013).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4794288
72.
M. Kotschenreuther, W. Dorland, M. A. Beer, and G. W. Hammett, Phys. Plasmas 2, 2381 (1995).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.871261
73.
R. E. Waltz, G. M. Staebler, W. Dorland, G. W. Hammett, M. Kotschenreuther, and J. A. Konings, Phys. Plasmas 4, 2482 (1997).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.872228
74.
X. Garbet, P. Mantica, F. Ryter, G. Cordey, F. Imbeaux, C. Sozzi, A. Manini, E. Asp, V. Parail, R. Wolf, and the JET EFDA Contributors, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 46, 1351 (2004).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/46/9/002
75.
F. Ryter, Y. Camenen, J. C. DeBoo, F. Imbeaux, P. Mantica, G. Regnoli, C. Sozzi, U. Stroth, A. Upgrade, DIII-D, FTU, J.-E. contributors, TCV, T. Supra, and W.-A. Teams, Plasma Phy. Controlled Fusion 48, B453 (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/48/12B/S43
76.
P. Mantica, D. Strintzi, T. Tala, C. Giroud, T. Johnson, H. Leggate, E. Lerche, T. Loarer, A. G. Peeters, A. Salmi, S. Sharapov, D. Van Eester, P. C. de Vries, L. Zabeo, and K.-D. Zastrow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 175002 (2009).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.175002
77.
J. C. DeBoo, C. C. Petty, A. E. White, K. H. Burrell, E. J. Doyle, J. C. Hillesheim, C. Holland, G. R. McKee, T. L. Rhodes, L. Schmitz, S. P. Smith, G. Wang, and L. Zeng, Phys. Plasmas 19, 082518 (2012).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4750061
78.
J. C. Hillesheim, J. C. DeBoo, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, G. Wang, T. L. Rhodes, L. Schmitz, G. R. McKee, Z. Yan, G. M. Staebler, K. H. Burrell, E. J. Doyle, C. Holland, C. C. Petty, S. P. Smith, A. E. White, and L. Zeng, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 045003 (2013).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.045003
79.
C. Roach, M. Walters, R. Budny, F. Imbeaux, T. Fredian, M. Greenwald, J. Stillerman, D. Alexander, J. Carlsson, J. Cary, F. Ryter, J. Stober, P. Gohil, C. Greenfield, M. Murakami, G. Bracco, B. Esposito, M. Romanelli, V. Parail, P. Stubberfield, I. Voitsekhovitch, C. Brickley, A. Field, Y. Sakamoto, T. Fujita, T. Fukuda, N. Hayashi, G. Hogeweij, A. Chudnovskiy, N. Kinerva, C. Kessel, T. Aniel, G. Hoang, J. Ongena, E. Doyle, W. Houlberg, A. Polevoi, and ITPA Confinement Database and Modelling Topical Group and ITPA Transport Physics Topical Group, Nucl. Fusion 48, 125001 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/48/12/125001
80.
A. M. Dimits, G. Bateman, M. A. Beer, B. I. Cohen, W. Dorland, G. W. Hammett, C. Kim, J. E. Kinsey, M. Kotschenreuther, A. H. Kritz, L. L. Lao, J. Mandrekas, W. M. Nevins, S. E. Parker, A. J. Redd, D. E. Shumaker, R. Sydora, and J. Weiland, Phys. Plasmas 7, 969 (2000).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.873896
81.
G. L. Falchetto, B. D. Scott, P. Angelino, A. Bottino, T. Dannert, V. Grandgirard, S. Janhunen, F. Jenko, S. Jolliet, A. Kendl, B. F. McMillan, V. Naulin, A. H. Nielsen, M. Ottaviani, A. G. Peeters, M. J. Pueschel, D. Reiser, T. T. Ribeiro, and M. Romanelli, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 50, 124015 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/50/12/124015
82.
D. R. Ernst, P. T. Bonoli, P. J. Catto, W. Dorland, C. L. Fiore, R. S. Granetz, M. Greenwald, A. E. Hubbard, M. Porkolab, M. H. Redi, J. E. Rice, K. Zhurovich, and A. C.-M. Group, Phys. Plasmas 11, 2637 (2004).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1705653
83.
P. Mantica, C. Angioni, C. Challis, G. Colyer, L. Frassinetti, N. Hawkes, T. Johnson, M. Tsalas, P. C. deVries, J. Weiland, B. Baiocchi, M. N. A. Beurskens, A. C. A. Figueiredo, C. Giroud, J. Hobirk, E. Joffrin, E. Lerche, V. Naulin, A. G. Peeters, A. Salmi, C. Sozzi, D. Strintzi, G. Staebler, T. Tala, D. Van Eester, and T. Versloot, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 135004 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.135004
84.
W. Guttenfelder, J. Candy, S. M. Kaye, W. M. Nevins, E. Wang, J. Zhang, R. E. Bell, N. A. Crocker, G. W. Hammett, B. P. LeBlanc, D. R. Mikkelsen, Y. Ren, and H. Yuh, Phys. Plasmas 19, 056119 (2012).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3694104
85.
C. Holland, J. Kinsey, J. DeBoo, K. Burrell, T. Luce, S. Smith, C. Petty, A. White, T. Rhodes, L. Schmitz, E. Doyle, J. Hillesheim, G. McKee, Z. Yan, G. Wang, L. Zeng, B. Grierson, A. Marinoni, P. Mantica, P. Snyder, R. Waltz, G. Staebler, and J. Candy, Nucl. Fusion 53, 083027 (2013).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/53/8/083027
86.
J. Citrin, F. Jenko, P. Mantica, D. Told, C. Bourdelle, J. Garcia, J. W. Haverkort, G. M. D. Hogeweij, T. Johnson, and M. J. Pueschel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 155001 (2013).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.155001
87.
J. Citrin, F. Jenko, P. Mantica, D. Told, C. Bourdelle, R. Dumont, J. Garcia, J. Haverkort, G. Hogeweij, T. Johnson, M. Pueschel, and JET-EFDA contributors, Nucl. Fusion 54, 023008 (2014).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/54/2/023008
88.
D. Ernst, K. Burrell, W. Guttenfelder, T. Rhodes, L. Schmitz, A. Dimits, E. Doyle, B. Grierson, M. Greenwald, C. Holland, G. McKee, R. Perkins, C. Petty, J. Rost, D. Truong, G. Wang, L. Zeng, and the DIII-D and Alcator C-Mod Teams, in Proceedings of the 2014 IAEA FEC Conference (2014), Paper No. EX/2.
89.
N. T. Howard, A. E. White, M. Greenwald, C. Holland, J. Candy, and J. E. Rice, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 56, 124004 (2014).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/56/12/124004
90.
J. Citrin, J. Garcia, T. Görler, F. Jenko, P. Mantica, D. Told, C. Bourdelle, D. R. Hatch, G. M. D. Hogeweij, T. Johnson, M. J. Pueschel, and M. Schneider, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 57, 014032 (2015).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/57/1/014032
91.
A. Bañón Navarro, T. Happel, T. Görler, F. Jenko, J. Abiteboul, A. Bustos, H. Doerk, D. Told, and ASDEX Upgrade Team, Phys. Plasmas 22, 042513 (2015).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4919022
92.
N. Bonanomi, P. Mantica, G. Szepesi, N. Hawkes, E. Lerche, P. Migliano, A. Peeters, C. Sozzi, M. Tsalas, D. V. Eester, and JET Contributors, Nucl. Fusion 55, 113016 (2015).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/55/11/113016
93.
S. Smith, C. Petty, A. White, C. Holland, R. Bravenec, M. Austin, L. Zeng, and O. Meneghini, Nucl. Fusion 55, 083011 (2015).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/55/8/083011
94.
A. E. White, N. T. Howard, A. J. Creely, M. A. Chilenski, M. Greenwald, A. E. Hubbard, J. W. Hughes, E. Marmar, J. E. Rice, J. M. Sierchio, C. Sung, J. R. Walk, D. G. Whyte, D. R. Mikkelsen, E. M. Edlund, C. Kung, C. Holland, J. Candy, C. C. Petty, M. L. Reinke, and C. Theiler, Phys. Plasmas 22, 056109 (2015).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4921150
95.
R. Prater, D. Farina, Y. Gribov, R. Harvey, A. Ram, Y.-R. Lin-Liu, E. Poli, A. Smirnov, F. Volpe, E. Westerhof, A. Zvonkov, and the ITPA Steady State Operation Topical Group, Nucl. Fusion 48, 035006 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/48/3/035006
96.
R. Budny, Nucl. Fusion 34, 1247 (1994).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/34/9/I06
97.
R. V. Budny, D. R. Ernst, T. S. Hahm, D. C. McCune, J. P. Christiansen, J. G. Cordey, C. G. Gowers, K. Guenther, N. Hawkes, O. N. Jarvis, P. M. Stubberfield, K.-D. Zastrow, L. D. Horton, G. Saibene, R. Sartori, K. Thomsen, and M. G. von Hellermann, Phys. Plasmas 7, 5038 (2000).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1320466
98.
W. Heidbrink and G. Sadler, Nucl. Fusion 34, 535 (1994).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/34/4/I07
99.
Y. Peysson and J. Decker, Physics of Plasmas 15, 092509 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2981391
100.
O. Meneghini, S. Shiraiwa, I. Faust, R. R. Parker, A. Schmidt, and G. Wallace, Fusion Sci. Technol. 60, 40 (2011).
101.
J. C. Wright, A. Bader, L. A. Berry, P. T. Bonoli, R. W. Harvey, E. F. Jaeger, J.-P. Lee, A. Schmidt, E. D'Azevedo, I. Faust, C. K. Phillips, and E. Valeo, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 56, 045007 (2014).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/56/4/045007
102.
Y. Lin, S. J. Wukitch, P. T. Bonoli, E. Marmar, D. Mossessian, E. Nelson-Melby, P. Phillips, M. Porkolab, G. Schilling, S. Wolfe, and J. Wright, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 45, 1013 (2003).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/45/6/313
103.
R. Prater, Phys. Plasmas 11, 2349 (2004).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1690762
104.
P. T. Bonoli, J. Ko, R. Parker, A. E. Schmidt, G. Wallace, J. C. Wright, C. L. Fiore, A. E. Hubbard, J. Irby, E. Marmar, M. Porkolab, D. Terry, S. M. Wolfe, S. J. Wukitch, the Alcator C-Mod Team, J. R. Wilson, S. Scott, E. Valeo, C. K. Phillips, and R. W. Harvey, Phys. Plasmas 15, 056117 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2904569
105.
P. T. Bonoli, Phys. Plasmas 21, 061508 (2014).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4884360
106.
W. W. Heidbrink, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 10D727 (2010).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3478739
107.
Y. Lin, S. Wukitch, A. Parisot, J. C. Wright, N. Basse, P. Bonoli, E. Edlund, L. Lin, M. Porkolab, G. Schilling, and P. Phillips, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 47, 1207 (2005).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/47/8/005
108.
N. Tsujii, M. Porkolab, P. T. Bonoli, E. M. Edlund, P. C. Ennever, Y. Lin, J. C. Wright, S. J. Wukitch, E. F. Jaeger, D. L. Green, and R. W. Harvey, Phys. Plasmas 22, 082502 (2015).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4927912
109.
I. H. Hutchinson, Principles of Plasma Diagnostics ( Cambridge University Press, 2005).
110.
A. Donné, A. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. von Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and the ITPA Topical Group on Diagnostics, Nucl. Fusion 47, S337 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/47/6/S07
111.
A. E. White, W. A. Peebles, T. L. Rhodes, C. Holland, G. Wang, L. Schmitz, T. A. Carter, J. C. Hillesheim, E. J. Doyle, L. Zeng, G. R. McKee, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, J. C. DeBoo, C. C. Petty, and K. H. Burrell, Phys. Plasmas 17, 056103 (2010).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3323084
112.
H. E. S. John, T. S. Taylor, Y. R. Lin-Liu, and A. D. Turnbull, Plasma Phys. Controlled Nucl. Fusion Res. 3, 603 (1994).
113.
A. E. White, L. Schmitz, G. R. McKee, C. Holland, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, M. W. Shafer, M. E. Austin, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, E. J. Doyle, M. A. Makowski, R. Prater, T. L. Rhodes, G. M. Staebler, G. R. Tynan, R. E. Waltz, and G. Wang, Phys. Plasmas 15, 056116 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2895408
114.
C. Holland, A. White, G. McKee, M. Shafer, J. Candy, R. Waltz, L. Schmitz, and G. Tynan, Phys. Plasmas 16, 052301 (2009).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3085792
115.
W. W. Heidbrink, Phys. Plasmas 15, 055501 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2838239
116.
C. S. Chang and F. L. Hinton, Phys. Fluids 25, 1493 (1982).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.863934
117.
W. A. Houlberg, K. C. Shaing, S. P. Hirshman, and M. C. Zarnstorff, Phys. Plasmas 4, 3230 (1997).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.872465
118.
E. A. Belli and J. Candy, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 50, 095010 (2008);
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/50/9/095010
E. A. Belli and J. Candy, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 54, 015015 (2012).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/54/1/015015
119.
C. E. Rasmussen and C. K. I. Williams, Gaussian Processes for Machine Learning ( MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2006).
120.
M. A. Chilenski, M. Greenwald, Y. Marzouk, N. T. Howard, A. E. White, J. E. Rice, and J. R. Walk, Nucl. Fusion 55, 023012 (2015).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/55/2/023012
121.
R. Fischer, C. j. Fuchs, B. Kurzan, W. Suttrop, E. Wolfrum, and ASDEX Upgrade Team, Fusion Sci. Technol. 58, 675 (2010).
http://dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST10-110
122.
B. P. van Milligen, T. Estrada, E. Ascasíbar, D. Tafalla, D. López-Bruna, A. L. Fraguas, J. A. Jiménez, I. García-Cortés, A. Dinklage, and R. Fischer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 073503 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3608551
123.
J. Svensson, O. Ford, D. C. McDonald, A. Meakins, A. Werner, M. Brix, A. Boboc, M. Beurskens, and JET EFDA Contributors, Contrib. Plasma Phys. 51, 152 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ctpp.201000058
124.
M. Galante, L. Reusch, D. D. Hartog, P. Franz, J. Johnson, M. McGarry, M. Nornberg, and H. Stephens, Nucl. Fusion 55, 123016 (2015).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/55/12/123016
125.
K. H. Burrell, W. P. West, E. J. Doyle, M. E. Austin, J. S. deGrassie, P. Gohil, C. M. Greenfield, R. J. Groebner, R. Jayakumar, D. H. Kaplan, L. L. Lao, A. W. Leonard, M. A. Makowski, G. R. McKee, W. M. Solomon, D. M. Thomas, T. L. Rhodes, M. R. Wade, G. Wang, J. G. Watkins, and L. Zeng, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 46, A165 (2004).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/46/5A/018
126.
H. Bindslev and D. Bartlett, A Technique for Improving the Relative Accuracy of JET ECE Temperature Profiles, Report No. JET-R-88-04, 1988.
127.
D. R. Mikkelsen and W. Dorland, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 50, 196 (2005).
128.
K. H. Burrell, Phys. Plasmas 4, 1499 (1997).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.872367
129.
P. W. Terry, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 109 (2000).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/RevModPhys.72.109
130.
C. Holland, L. Schmitz, T. Rhodes, W. Peebles, J. Hillesheim, G. Wang, L. Zeng, E. Doyle, S. Smith, R. Prater, K. Burrell, J. Candy, R. Waltz, J. Kinsey, G. Staebler, J. DeBoo, C. Petty, G. McKee, Z. Yan, and A. White, Phys. Plasmas 18, 056113 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3574518
131.
T. L. Rhodes, C. Holland, S. P. Smith, A. E. White, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, E. J. Doyle, J. C. Hillesheim, J. E. Kinsey, G. R. McKee, D. Mikkelsen, W. A. Peebles, C. C. Petty, R. Prater, S. Parker, Y. Chen, L. Schmitz, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, G. Wang, Z. Yan, and L. Zeng, Nucl. Fusion 51, 063022 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/51/6/063022
132.
J. Callen, R. Colchin, R. Fowler, D. McAlees, and J. Rome, in Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, Tokyo (1974), Vol. 1, p. 645.
133.
K. Matsuda, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 17, 6 (1989).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/27.21664
134.
The GYRO source code is available at https://github.com/gafusion/gacode. Version ID r4-864-g6ea4 was used in this work.
135.
J. Candy, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 51, 105009 (2009).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/51/10/105009
136.
R. V. Bravenec, J. Candy, M. Barnes, and C. Holland, Phys. Plasmas 18, 122505 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3671907
137.
J. Chowdhury, W. Wan, Y. Chen, S. E. Parker, R. J. Groebner, C. Holland, and N. T. Howard, Phys. Plasmas 21, 112503 (2014).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4901031
138.
T. Görler, A. E. White, D. Told, F. Jenko, C. Holland, and T. L. Rhodes, Phys. Plasmas 21, 122307 (2014).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4904301
139.
T. Görler, A. E. White, D. Told, F. Jenko, C. Holland, and T. L. Rhodes, Fusion Sci. Technol. 69, 537 (2015).
http://dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST15-182
140.
F. Jenko, J. Plasma Fusion Res. 6, 11 (2004).
141.
R. E. Waltz, J. Candy, and M. Fahey, Phys. Plasmas 14, 056116 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2436851
142.
J. Candy, R. E. Waltz, M. R. Fahey, and C. Holland, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 49, 1209 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/49/8/008
143.
T. Görler and F. Jenko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 185002 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.185002
144.
T. Görler and F. Jenko, Phys. Plasmas 15, 102508 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3006086
145.
L. Schmitz, C. Holland, T. L. Rhodes, G. Wang, L. Zeng, A. E. White, J. C. Hillesheim, W. A. Peebles, S. P. Smith, R. Prater, G. R. McKee, Z. Yan, W. M. Solomon, K. H. Burrell, C. T. Holcomb, E. J. Doyle, J. C. DeBoo, M. E. Austin, J. S. deGrassie, and C. C. Petty, Nucl. Fusion 52, 023003 (2012).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/52/2/023003
146.
N. T. Howard, C. Holland, A. E. White, M. Greenwald, and J. Candy, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 57, 065009 (2015).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/57/6/065009
147.
P. Ricci, C. Theiler, A. Fasoli, I. Furno, K. Gustafson, D. Iraji, and J. Loizu, Phys. Plasmas 18, 032109 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3559436
148.
P. Ricci, F. Riva, C. Theiler, A. Fasoli, I. Furno, F. D. Halpern, and J. Loizu, Phys. Plasmas 22, 055704 (2015).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4919276
149.
K. E. Taylor, J. Geo. Res. 106, 7183 (2001).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2000JD900719
150.
T. L. Rhodes, J.-N. Leboeuf, R. D. Sydora, R. J. Groebner, E. J. Doyle, G. R. McKee, W. A. Peebles, C. L. Rettig, L. Zeng, and G. Wang, Phys. Plasmas 9, 2141 (2002).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1464544
151.
P. Ricci, F. D. Halpern, S. Jolliet, J. Loizu, A. Mosetto, A. Fasoli, I. Furno, and C. Theiler, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 54, 124047 (2012).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/54/12/124047
152.
A. Fasoli, B. Labit, M. McGrath, S. H. Müller, G. Plyushchev, M. Podestá, and F. M. Poli, Phys. Plasmas 13, 055902 (2006);
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2178773
A. Fasoli, A. Burckel, L. Federspiel, I. Furno, K. Gustafson, D. Iraji, B. Labit, J. Loizu, G. Plyushchev, P. Ricci, C. Theiler, A. Diallo, S. H. Mueller, M. Podestá, and F. Poli, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 52, 124020 (2010).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/52/12/124020
153.
R. V. Bravenec and W. M. Nevins, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 015101 (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2151857
154.
D. A. Russell, J. R. Myra, D. A. D'Ippolito, T. L. Munsat, Y. Sechrest, R. J. Maqueda, D. P. Stotler, S. J. Zweben, and T. N. Team, Phys. Plasmas 18, 022306 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3553024
155.
G. R. McKee, R. J. Fonck, D. K. Gupta, D. J. Schlossberg, M. W. Shafer, and R. L. Boivin, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 10F104 (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2219429
156.
M. W. Shafer, R. J. Fonck, G. R. McKee, and D. J. Schlossberg, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 10F110 (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2221908
157.
C. Holland, J. Candy, R. E. Waltz, A. E. White, G. R. McKee, M. W. Shafer, L. Schmitz, and G. R. Tynan, J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 125, 012043 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/125/1/012043
158.
J. S. Bendat and A. G. Piersol, Engineering Applications of Correlation and Spectral Analysis ( John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1993).
159.
J. S. Bendat and A. G. Piersol, Random Data: Analysis and Measurement Procedures ( John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010).
160.
P. H. Diamond, S.-I. Itoh, K. Itoh, and T. S. Hahm, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 47, R35 (2005).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/47/5/R01
161.
P. W. Terry, D. A. Baver, and S. Gupta, Phys. Plasmas 13, 022307 (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2168453
162.
K. D. Makwana, P. W. Terry, J.-H. Kim, and D. R. Hatch, Phys. Plasmas 18, 012302 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3530186
163.
D. R. Hatch, P. W. Terry, F. Jenko, F. Merz, and W. M. Nevins, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 115003 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.115003
164.
M. W. Shafer, R. J. Fonck, G. R. McKee, C. Holland, A. E. White, and D. J. Schlossberg, Phys. Plasmas 19, 032504 (2012).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3691965
165.
P. Ricci, C. Theiler, A. Fasoli, I. Furno, B. Labit, S. H. Müller, M. Podestá, and F. M. Poli, Phys. Plasmas 16, 055703 (2009).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3082698
166.
N. Wiener, Am. J. Math. 60, 897 (1938).
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2371268
167.
H. N. Najm, Ann. Rev. Fluid Mech. 41, 35 (2009).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.fluid.010908.165248
168.
ITER Physics Expert Group on Disruptions, Plasma Control, and MHD and ITER Physics Basis Editors, Nucl. Fusion 39, 2251 (1999).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/39/12/303
169.
T. Hender, J. Wesley, J. Bialek, A. Bondeson, A. Boozer, R. Buttery, A. Garofalo, T. Goodman, R. Granetz, Y. Gribov, O. Gruber, M. Gryaznevich, G. Giruzzi, S. Günter, N. Hayashi, P. Helander, C. Hegna, D. Howell, D. Humphreys, G. Huysmans, A. Hyatt, A. Isayama, S. Jardin, Y. Kawano, A. Kellman, C. Kessel, H. Koslowski, R. L. Haye, E. Lazzaro, Y. Liu, V. Lukash, J. Manickam, S. Medvedev, V. Mertens, S. Mirnov, Y. Nakamura, G. Navratil, M. Okabayashi, T. Ozeki, R. Paccagnella, G. Pautasso, F. Porcelli, V. Pustovitov, V. Riccardo, M. Sato, O. Sauter, M. Schaffer, M. Shimada, P. Sonato, E. Strait, M. Sugihara, M. Takechi, A. Turnbull, E. Westerhof, D. Whyte, R. Yoshino, H. Zohm, and the ITPA MHD, Disruption and Magnetic Control Topical Group, Nucl. Fusion 47, S128 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/47/6/S03
170.
See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/F1_score for details on the how F1 score is calculated and used for binary classification tests.
171.
N. A. Macmillan and C. D. Creelman, Detection Theory: A User's Guide ( Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., 2005).
172.
T. Fawcett, Pattern Recognit. Lett. 27, 861 (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.patrec.2005.10.010
173.
A. Turnbull, D. Brennan, M. Chu, L. Lao, J. Ferron, A. Garofalo, P. Snyder, J. Bialek, I. Bogatu, J. Callen, M. Chance, K. Comer, D. Edgell, S. Galkin, D. Humphreys, J. Kim, R. L. Haye, T. Luce, G. Navratil, M. Okabayashi, T. Osborne, B. Rice, E. Strait, T. Taylor, and H. Wilson, Nucl. Fusion 42, 917 (2002).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/42/7/315
174.
A. D. Turbull, D. P. Brennan, M. S. Chu, L. L. Lao, and P. B. Snyder, Fusion Sci. Technol. 48, 875 (2005).
175.
J. H. Yu, M. A. Van Zeeland, M. S. Chu, V. A. Izzo, and R. J. La Haye, Phys. Plasmas 16, 056114 (2009).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3118626
176.
M. A. Van Zeeland, G. J. Kramer, M. E. Austin, R. L. Boivin, W. W. Heidbrink, M. A. Makowski, G. R. McKee, R. Nazikian, W. M. Solomon, and G. Wang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 135001 (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.97.135001
177.
I. G. J. Classen, P. Lauber, D. Curran, J. E. Boom, B. J. Tobias, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. G. Munoz, B. Geiger, M. Maraschek, M. A. V. Zeeland, S. da Graa, and the ASDEX Upgrade Team, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 53, 124018 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/53/12/124018
178.
B. J. Tobias, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, W. W. Heidbrink, N. C. Luhmann, R. Nazikian, H. K. Park, D. A. Spong, and M. A. Van Zeeland, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 075003 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.075003
179.
B. J. Tobias, R. L. Boivin, J. E. Boom, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, W. W. Heidbrink, N. C. Luhmann, T. Munsat, C. M. Muscatello, R. Nazikian, H. K. Park, D. A. Spong, A. D. Turnbull, M. A. Van Zeeland, G. S. Yun, and D.-D. Team, Phys. Plasmas 18, 056107 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3563572
180.
D. A. Spong, E. M. Bass, W. Deng, W. W. Heidbrink, Z. Lin, B. Tobias, M. A. Van Zeeland, M. E. Austin, C. W. Domier, and N. C. Luhmann, Phys. Plasmas 19, 082511 (2012).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4747505
181.
J. L. Luxon, Nucl. Fusion 42, 614 (2002).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/42/5/313
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/pop/23/6/10.1063/1.4954151
Loading
/content/aip/journal/pop/23/6/10.1063/1.4954151
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/aip/journal/pop/23/6/10.1063/1.4954151
2016-06-22
2016-12-10

Abstract

Developing accurate models of plasma dynamics is essential for confident predictive modeling of current and future fusion devices. In modern computer science and engineering, formal verification and validation processes are used to assess model accuracy and establish confidence in the predictive capabilities of a given model. This paper provides an overview of the key guiding principles and best practices for the development of validation metrics, illustrated using examples from investigations of turbulent transport in magnetically confined plasmas. Particular emphasis is given to the importance of uncertainty quantification and its inclusion within the metrics, and the need for utilizing synthetic diagnostics to enable quantitatively meaningful comparisons between simulation and experiment. As a starting point, the structure of commonly used global transport model metrics and their limitations is reviewed. An alternate approach is then presented, which focuses upon comparisons of predicted local fluxes, fluctuations, and equilibrium gradients against observation. The utility of metrics based upon these comparisons is demonstrated by applying them to gyrokinetic predictions of turbulent transport in a variety of discharges performed on the DIII-D tokamak [J. L. Luxon, Nucl. Fusion , 614 (2002)], as part of a multi-year transport model validation activity.

Loading

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/aip/journal/pop/23/6/1.4954151.html;jsessionid=vjYhVR9eaV3j8FQAjDKQLXbO.x-aip-live-02?itemId=/content/aip/journal/pop/23/6/10.1063/1.4954151&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah&containerItemId=content/aip/journal/pop
true
true

Access Key

  • FFree Content
  • OAOpen Access Content
  • SSubscribed Content
  • TFree Trial Content
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
/content/realmedia?fmt=ahah&adPositionList=
&advertTargetUrl=//oascentral.aip.org/RealMedia/ads/&sitePageValue=pop.aip.org/23/6/10.1063/1.4954151&pageURL=http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/pop/23/6/10.1063/1.4954151'
Right1,Right2,Right3,