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Current convective instability in detached divertor plasma
A. G. McLean, A. W. Leonard, M. A. Makowski, M. Groth, S. L. Allen, J. A. Boedo, B. D. Bray, A. R. Briesemeister, T. N. Carlstrom, D. Eldon, M. E. Fenstermacher, D. N. Hill, C. J. Lasnier, C. Liu, T. H. Osborne, T. W. Petrie, V. A. Soukhanovskii, P. C. Stangeby, C. Tsui, E. A. Unterberg, and J. G. Watkins, J. Nucl. Mater. 463, 533 (2015).
D. Carralero, G. Birkenmeier, H. W. Muller, P. Manz, P. deMarne, S. H. Muller, F. Reimold, U. Stroth, M. Wischmeier, E. Wolfrum, and ASDEX Upgrade Team, Nucl. Fusion 54, 123005 (2014).
B. B. Kadomtsev and O. P. Pogutse, in Reviews of Plasma Physics, edited by M. A. Leontovich ( Consultants Bureau, New York, 1970), Vol. 5, p. 249.
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The asymmetry of inner and outer divertors, which cause the inner divertor to detach first, while the outer one is still attached, results in the large temperature difference between the vicinities of inner and outer targets and the onset of large electric potential drop through detached plasma of the inner divertor. A large potential drop along with the inhomogeneity of the resistivity of detached plasma across the divertor leg drives the current convective instability in the inner divertor and subsequent fluctuations of radiation loss similar to that observed in experiments. The estimates of the frequency of plasma parameter fluctuations due to the current convective instability are in a reasonable agreement with experimental data. Once the outer divertor also detaches, the temperature difference between the vicinities of inner and outer targets disappears, and the driving force for the current convective instability, and resulting oscillations of radiation loss, vanishes. This feature is indeed observed in experiments.
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