Index of content:
Volume 78, Issue 10, October 2007
- ELECTRONICS; ELECTROMAGNETIC TECHNOLOGY; MICROWAVES
78(2007); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2794695View Description Hide Description
We describe a compact transducer used to generate and modulate low-intensity radio-frequency atmospheric pressure plasma (RF-APP) for high temperature gap measurement and generation of air-coupled ultrasound. The new transducer consists of a quarter-wave transmission line where the ground return path is a coaxial solenoid winding. The RF-APP is initiated at the open end of the transmission line and stabilized by passive negative feedback between the electrical impedance of the plasma and the energy stored in the solenoid. The electrical impedance of the plasma was measured at the lower-voltage source end of the transducer, eliminating the need to measure kilovolt-level voltages near the discharge. We describe the use of a RF-APP prototype as a harsh-environment clearance sensor to demonstrate the suitability of plasma discharges for a common nondestructive inspection application. Clearance measurements of were performed on a rotating calibration target with a measurement precision of and a sampling rate.
measurements of micron diameter metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitors using a scanning-electron-microscope-based nanoprobe78(2007); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2789660View Description Hide Description
The electrical characterization of microstructures on a standard probe station is limited by the magnification of the imaging system and the precision of the probe manipulators. To overcome these limitations, we examine the combination of in situ electrical probing and a dual column scanning electron microscope/focused ion beam system. The imaging parameters and probing procedures are carefully chosen to reduce e-beam damage to the metal oxide semiconductor capacitor device under test. Estimation of shunt capacitance is critical when making femtofarad level measurements.measurements of micron size metal-oxide-silicon capacitors are demonstrated.
78(2007); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2798937View Description Hide Description
This article introduces a low-cost phase detection radar aimed at measuring the human heartbeat and respiration signals without any physical connections to the human body. A continuous-wave radar targeting the chest will detect the phase difference, resulted by the time-varying target position of the heartbeat, between the transmitted signal and the reflected signal. We have tested the developed radar to measure the heartbeat and respiration signals at a distance of about from the chest.
78(2007); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2799735View Description Hide Description
Microwave band on-chip microcoils are developed for the application to single electron spin resonance measurement with a single quantum dot. Basic properties such as characteristic impedance and electromagnetic field distribution are examined for various coil designs by means of experiment and simulation. The combined setup operates relevantly in the experiment at dilution temperature. The frequency responses of the return loss and Coulomb blockade current are examined. Capacitive coupling between a coil and a quantum dot causes photon assisted tunneling, whose signal can greatly overlap the electron spin resonance signal. To suppress the photon assisted tunneling effect, a technique for compensating for the microwaveelectric field is developed. Good performance of this technique is confirmed from measurement of Coulomb blockade oscillations.
ac modeling and impedance spectrum tests of the superconducting magnetic field coils for the Wendelstein 7-X fusion experiment78(2007); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2800780View Description Hide Description
The impedance spectrum test was employed for detection of short circuits within Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X) superconducting magnetic field coils. This test is based on measuring the complex impedance over several decades of frequency. The results are compared to predictions of appropriate electrical equivalent circuits of coils in different production states or during cold test. When the equivalent circuit is not too complicated the impedance can be represented by an analytic function. A more detailed analysis is performed with a network simulation code. The overall agreement of measured and calculated or simulated spectra is good. Two types of short circuits which appeared are presented and analyzed. The detection limit of the method is discussed. It is concluded that combined high-voltage ac and low-voltage impedance spectrum tests are ideal means to rule out short circuits in the W7-X coils.