Volume 78, Issue 12, December 2007
Index of content:
Experimental and theoretical aspects of obtaining the magnetic information carried by laser beams diffracted from an array of micro- or nanosized magnetic objects are reviewed. We report on the fundamentals of vector magneto-optic Kerr effect(MOKE), Bragg-MOKE, and second-order effects in the Kerr signal in longitudinal Kerr geometry as well as on an experimental setup used for vector and Bragg-MOKE experiments. The vector and Bragg-MOKE technique in combination with micromagnetic simulation is a reliable tool for measuring the complete magnetization vector and for characterizing the reversal mechanism of lateral magnetic nanostructures. We discuss the Bragg-MOKE effect for three standard domain configurations during the magnetization reversal process and present the expected behavior of the magnetic hysteresis loops.
An apparatus for the study of high temperature water radiolysis in a nuclear reactor: Calibration of dose in a mixed neutron/gamma radiation field78(2007); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2814167View Description Hide Description
The cooling water of nuclear reactors undergoes radiolytic decomposition induced by gamma, fast electron, and neutronradiation in the core. To model the process, recombination reaction rates and radiolytic yields for the water radical fragments need to be measured at high temperature and pressure. Yields for the action of neutronradiation are particularly hard to determine independently because of the beta/gamma field also present in any reactor. In this paper we report the design of an apparatus intended to measure neutron radiolysis yields as a function of temperature and pressure. A new methodology for separation of neutron and beta/gamma radiolysis yields in a mixed radiation field is proposed and demonstrated.