(a) Conventional configuration of electrospinning system and (b) constant current electrospinning system.
Closed-loop control representation of the constant-current electrospinning system.
Flowchart of controlling electrospinning system using PID control action.
Step response of the constant-current electrospinning system for the desired value of current of 100 nA.
Cone jet shapes during constant-current electropinning process in fabricating PVP nanofibers for various values of : (a) 45, (b) 55, (c) 65, (d) 75 (e) 85, and (f) 95 nA.
Response of plant/process output because of a disturbance.
SEM images of PVP nanofibers obtained at various electric currents: (a) 45, (b) 55, (c) 65, (d) 75 (e) 85, and (f) 95 nA.
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