Index of content:
Volume 80, Issue 2, February 2009
- ELECTRONICS; ELECTROMAGNETIC TECHNOLOGY; MICROWAVES
80(2009); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3076407View Description Hide Description
In order to reduce the effective area of the receiving antenna to receive microwave power in the high electric field regions, a 1.76 GHz shorted coaxial transmission line (SCTL) is investigated numerically and experimentally in this paper. When the frequency is 1.76 GHz, the simulation results show that the general gain and the effective area of the SCTL are −10.21 dBi and , respectively, and the power capacity of the SCTL is about 41 kW. So the maximum power flow density, which can be measured by the SCTL, is . With the frequency varying from 1.70 to 1.80 GHz, the general gain increases from −11.19 to −9.42 dBi linearly. The general gain of the SCTL is calibrated with the Agilent E8363B network analyzer in an anechoic chamber, and the calibrated results agree with the simulation. The high-power tests are performed on an improved magnetically insulated transmission line oscillator. Compared to the cutoff free-field probe, the maximum power flow density, which can be measured by the SCTL, is higher.
80(2009); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3072882View Description Hide Description
This paper describes a feasibility study of creating a small low friction and low maintenance generator using a diamagnetically stabilized levitating rotor. The planar rotor described in this paper uses a triangular configuration of magnets that generates emf by passing over coils placed below the rotor. Equations were developed to predict the generated emf from coils with two different coil geometries. Additionally, this paper provides a method for estimating optimal coil size and position for the planar rotor presented for both segmental arc and circular coils to obtain maximum power output. Experiments demonstrated that the emf generated in the coils matches well with the predicted wave forms for each case, and the optimization theory gives good prediction to outcome of induced waveforms. For the segmental arc coil design, the induced emf was 1.7 mV at a radial frequency of 21.8 rad/s. For the circular coil design, the emf was 1.25 mV at a radial frequency of 28.1 rad/s.
Measurement of magnetic losses by thermal method applied to power ferrites at high level of induction and frequency80(2009); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3079382View Description Hide Description
Classically, low frequency losses in soft magnetic materials and ferrites in particular are measured by flux metric method under sinusoidal waveform excitation voltage. However, in typical application of modern power electronics, the frequency currently exceeds 100 kHz. This feature is at the origin of a difficulty: the phase shift between current and voltage can be disturbed by current probe delay. Thus, the results can be affected by large errors. As a consequence, it becomes more and more important to develop alternative methods to measure losses in magnetic materials. It is proposed to use calorimetric method which is by principle free of the above mentioned problems. The experimental device is described in details and the results are reported for experiments conducted on a commercial Mn–Zn ferrite under sinusoidal waveform regime for frequencies varying from 10 to 200 kHz. Comparisons with flux metric measurement show that significant differences appear typically for products above .
80(2009); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3073962View Description Hide Description
Low-temperature transport measurements with high energy resolution require effective filtering of high-frequency input. The high dc resistance of standard filters results in considerable heat input and hampers measurements with high currents or voltages. We developed a wiring scheme that incorporates a commercial latching relay at very low temperature between two sets of wires. In our application one set of wires comprises a voltage divider and a high-Ohmic reference resistance at low temperature as well. The other set has low dc resistance and no voltage divider. Both sets are high frequency filtered with very robust and compact filters, though, for insuring effective damping at gigahertz frequencies. We demonstrate that with the first set, we obtain a voltage resolution of and a current resolution of 100 pA, which is sufficient for the recording and analysis of multiparticle transport in superconducting point contacts. The second set is used for electromigration experiments on superconducting point contacts and allows application of currents up to 1 mA and voltages up to 20 V, while the sample is at 1 K. More versatile applications of the scheme are possible.