Volume 80, Issue 3, March 2009
Index of content:
- NUCLEAR PHYSICS, FUSION AND PLASMAS
80(2009); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3089812View Description Hide Description
A new fast visible spectrometer built for the charge exchange diagnostic system of the RFX-mod Reversed Field pinch experiment is described. The optical mounting is of the Littrow type. The spectral resolution is defined by a 3000 grooves/mm, wide reflection grating, and a focal length of 400 mm. The collimating optics is based on a commercial high quality telephoto lens, so that the input fibers can be vertically stacked without space in between. The detector is a two-dimensional charge coupled device back-illuminated sensor to ensure high quantum efficiency. Thus the spectrometer combines high speed, high spectral resolution, and excellent imaging quality.
80(2009); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3089811View Description Hide Description
Plasma electron number density and ion number density in a dc multidipole weakly collisional Ar plasma are measured with a single planar Langmuir probe and a double planar probe, respectively. A factor of two discrepancy between the two density measurements is resolved by applying Sheridan’s empirical formula [T. E. Sheridan, Phys. Plasmas7, 3084 (2000)] for sheathexpansion to the double probe data.
An experimental setup to study the expansion dynamics of laser blow-off plasma plume in variable transverse magnetic field80(2009); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3095545View Description Hide Description
In the present work we report generation of uniform and variable pulsed magnetic field in synchronization with pulsed plasma for the study of the expansion dynamics of laser blow-off (LBO) plasma plume. The experimental procedure for optimizing various parameters of the setup, e.g., the production of pulsed field and its synchronization with pulsed plasma and diagnostics system, is also reported. Until now the effect of magnetic field was studied using fixed field. The present setup, however, provides variable and uniform field in synchronization with the setup. A low cost time sequencing control module has been developed for the above purpose. Although the main emphasis is on the technical aspect of the setup, salient features of the effect of transverse magnetic field on the evolution features of the neutral and ionic species are also reported briefly. It is observed that LBO generated plume have a stronger correlation with the magnetic field in comparison to the conventional laser produced plasma experiments as reported earlier.
80(2009); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3098944View Description Hide Description
A new endoscope aiming at transferring the image of a poloidal section of the Tore Supra plasma to a fast camera able to record frames at a speed up to 4800 frames per second at full resolution, or much faster for a limited number of pixel, has been installed on Tore Supra. First movies showing the light emission associated to fast phenomena such as plasma start up, disruptions or gas and pellet injections have been produced.
80(2009); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3103575View Description Hide Description
A video camera system is described as that measures the spatial distribution of visible line emission emitted from the main scrape-off layer (SOL) of plasmas in the DIII-D tokamak. A wide-angle lens installed on an equatorial port and an in-vessel mirror, which intercepts part of the lens’ view, provide simultaneous tangential views of the SOL on the low-field and high-field sides of the plasma’s equatorial plane. Tomographic reconstruction techniques are used to calculate the two-dimensional (2D) poloidal profiles from the raw data, and one-dimensional (1D) poloidal profiles simulating chordal views of other optical diagnostics from the 2D profiles. The 2D profiles can be compared with SOL plasma simulations; the 1D profiles with measurements from spectroscopic diagnostics. Sample results are presented, which elucidate carbon transport in plasmas with toroidally uniform injection of methane and argon transport in disruption mitigation experiments with massive gas jet injection.