Index of content:
Volume 80, Issue 5, May 2009
- ELECTRONICS; ELECTROMAGNETIC TECHNOLOGY; MICROWAVES
80(2009); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3129362View Description Hide Description
A compact magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) system for a cold room has been developed to acquire MRimages below the freezing point of water. The MRI system consists of a 1.0 T permanent magnet, a higher-order shim coil set, and a gradient coil probe, installed in the cold room, and a compact MRI console installed in a room at normal temperature . The most difficult problem for the installation of the MRI system in the cold room was the degradation of the field homogeneity of the permanent magnet shimmed at . To overcome this problem, higher-order shim coils were developed and the temperature variation of the magnetic field distribution was measured using a standard phantom with and without shim coil currents. As a result, it was confirmed that the homogeneity (the difference between the minimum and maximum values) of the magnetic field in the rectangular parallelepiped region was improved from 117 to 59 ppm using an appropriate combination of shim coil currents. A snowpack immersed in dodecane was imaged using a driven-equilibrium three-dimensional (3D) spin-echo sequence at . The visualized 3D structure of the snowpack demonstrated the effectiveness of our approach.