Skip to main content
banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
/content/aip/journal/rsi/81/2/10.1063/1.3314284
1.
1.J. H. Preston, J. R. Aeronaut. Soc. 58, 109 (1954).
2.
2.T. J. Hanratty and J. A. Campbell, in Fluid Mechanics Measurements, edited by R. J. Goldstein (Hemisphere, Washington, 1983), pp. 563565.
3.
3.G. Cognet, M. Lebouche, and M. Souhar, AIChE J. 30, 338 (1984).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aic.690300224
4.
4.A. M. Kraynik and W. R. Schowalter, J. Rheol. 25, 95 (1981).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1122/1.549613
5.
5.F. J. Pierce, Symposium on Fluid Dynamic Measurement, ASME Collected Papers, edited by W. A. Spraker and H. E. Weber (ASME, New York, 1971), LCCN 73184440.
6.
6.F. J. Pierce and D. H. Krommenhoek, “Wall shear stress diagnostics in three-dimensional turbulent boundary layers,” Mechanical Engineering Department, Virginia Polytechnic Institute Interim Technical Report No. 2, September 1968.
7.
7.J. F. Naleid and M. J. Thompson, J. Aerosp. Sci. 28, 940 (1961).
8.
8.C. J. Stalmach, Jr., “Experimental investigation of the surface impact pressure probe method of measuring local skin friction at supersonic speeds,” Defense Research Laboratory, University of Texas Report No. DRL-410, 1958.
9.
9.K. G. Winter, Prog. Aerosp. Sci. 18, 1 (1977).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0376-0421(77)90002-1
10.
10.J. Dickinson, “Turbulent skin friction techniques,” Laboratoire de Mécanique des Fluides course notes, Département de Génie Mécanique, Université Laval, Québec, Québec, Canada.
11.
11.J. H. Haritonidis, in Advances in Fluid Mechanics Measurements, Lecture Notes in Engineering, edited by M. Gad-el-Hak (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1989), pp. 229254.
12.
12.F. M. White, Viscous Fluid Flow, Series in Mechanical Engineering, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1991), p. 123.
13.
13.D. J. Garringer and E. J. Saltzman, “Flight demonstration of a skin-friction gauge to a local Mach number of 4.9,” NASA Report No. TN D-3830, 1967.
14.
14.J. M. Paros, Proceedings of the 16th Annual Technical Meeting Institute of Environmental Sciences, 1970 (unpublished), pp. 363368.
15.
15.D. G. Mabey, H. U. Meier, and W. G. Sawyer, “Some boundary layer measurements on a flat plate at Mach numbers from 2.5 to 4.5,” AGARD CP 93 Paper No. 2.1, 1971.
16.
16.D. G. Mabey and L. Gaudet, J. Aircr. 12, 819 (1975).
http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/3.44494
17.
17.D. F. Fisher and E. J. Saltzman, “Local skin friction coefficients and boundary-layer profiles obtained in flight from the XN-70-1 airplane at Mach numbers up to 2.5,” NASA Report No. TN D-7220, June 1973.
18.
18.J. M. Allen, ASME J. Fluids Eng. 99, 197 (1977).
19.
19.S. S. Soong, “A parallel plate viscoelastomer for molten polymers,” Ph.D. thesis, McGill University, 1983.
20.
20.J. M. Dealy and S. S. Soong, J. Rheol. 28, 355 (1984).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1122/1.549756
21.
21.J. M. Dealy, Rheol. Acta 21, 475 (1982).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01534322
22.
22.J. M. Dealy, U.S. Patent No. 4,464,928 (14 August 1984).
23.
23.A. J. Giacomin, “A sliding plate melt rheometer incorporating a shear stress transducer,” Ph.D. thesis, McGill University, 1987.
24.
24.G. Kempf, Werft, Reederei Hafen 11, 234 (1929).
25.
25.G. Kempf, Hydrodynamische Probleme des Schiffsantriebs 1, 74 (1932).
26.
26.R. C. MacArthur, “Transducer for direct measurement of skin friction in the hypersonic shock tunnel,” CAL Report No. 129, 1963.
27.
27.R. C. MacArthur, U.S. Patent No. 3,383,914 (23 October 1965).
28.
28.E. W. Owen, B. E. Larock, and A. Kia, ISA Trans. 16, 61 (1977).
29.
29.S. F. Pickett and G. F. Cochrane, Jr., U.S. Patent No. 4,155,265 (22 May 1979).
30.
30.J. M. Dealy and A. J. Giacomin, in Rheological Measurement, edited by A. A. Collyer and D. W. Clegg (Elsevier, London, 1988), pp. 383404.
31.
31.N. R. Demarquette and J. M. Dealy, J. Rheol. 36, 1007 (1992).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1122/1.550299
32.
32.J. M. Dealy, S. R. Doshi, and F. R. Bubic, U.S. Patent No. 5,094,100 (10 March 1992).
33.
33.F. Koran and J. M. Dealy, in ANTEC, Conference Proceedings (Society Plastics Engineers, Brookfield, 1998), Vol. 1, pp. 910914.
34.
34.F. Koran and J. M. Dealy, J. Rheol. 43, 1279 (1999).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1122/1.551046
35.
35.W. P. Kistler, U.S. Patent No. 3,362,701 (9 January 1968).
36.
36.P. Tcheng and F. H. Supplee, Jr., U.S. Patent No. 4,604,903 (12 August 1986).
37.
37.J. K. White and R. E. Franklin, “Measurements of skin-friction in an annulus by the floating element technique,” Ministry of Aviation, Aeronautical Research Council Current Paper No. 814, 1965.
38.
38.A. Boulanger, J. Cassista, J. Dickinson, and H. Gerardin, Proceedings of the Fifth Canadian Congress of Applied Mechanics, Fredericton, 26–30 May 1975 (unpublished), pp. 513541.
39.
39.K. -Y. Ng, J. Shajii, and M. A. Schmidt, Transducer’ 91, 1991 International Conference on Solid-State Sensor and Actuators, 1991 (unpublished).
40.
40.J. Shajii and M. A. Schmidt, in Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Semiconductor Wafer Bonding: Science, Technology and Applications, edited by M. A. Schmidt (Electrochemical Society, Pennington, 1993), pp. 340347.
41.
41.J. Shajii, K. -Y. Ng, and M. A. Schmidt, J. Microelectromech. Syst. 1, 89 (1992).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/84.157363
42.
42.T. Pan, D. Hyman, M. Mehregany, E. Reshotko, and B. Willis, in Transducers'95: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors and Actuators, Stockholm, Sweden, June 1995 (Elsevier, Lausanne, 1996), Vol. 2, pp. 443446.
43.
43.T. Pan, D. Hyman, M. Mehregany, E. Reshotko, and S. Garverick, AIAA J. 37, 66 (1999).
http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/2.665
44.
44.H. D. Goldberg, K. S. Breuer, and M. A. Schmidt, Solid-State Sensor and Actuator Workshop, Hilton Head, South Carolina, 13–16 June 1994 (unpublished), pp. 111115.
45.
45.J. W. Moore and E. S. McVey, “Investigation of systems and techniques for multicomponent microforce measurements on wind tunnel models,” Virginia University Report No. EME-4029-102-66U, 1966;
45.J. W. Moore and E. S. McVey, NASA Report No. CR-74385, 1966.
46.
46.J. G. Fowke, “Development of a skin friction balance to investigate sources of error in direct skin friction measurements,” NASA Report No. TM X 61905, 1969.
47.
47.J. R. Bruno, W. J. Yanta, and D. B. Risher, “Balance for measuring skin friction in the presence of heat transfer,” USA Naval Ordnance Laboratory Final Report No. NOLTR 69-56, June 1969.
48.
48.J. A. Schetz and B. Nerney, AIAA J. 15, 1288 (1977).
http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/3.7415
49.
49.M. H. Tennant, F. J. Pierce, and J. E. McAllister, ASME Trans. J. Fluids Eng. 102, 21 (1980).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.3240619
50.
50.M. Acharya, J. Bornstein, M. P. Escudier, and V. Vokurka, AIAA J. 23, 410 (1985).
http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/3.8928
51.
51.L. Gaudet, Appl. Sci. Res. 46, 245 (1989).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00404821
52.
52.D. B. Macvean and S. Aly, J. Phys. E 11, 1048 (1978).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0022-3735/11/10/022
53.
53.M. G. Morsy, J. Phys. E 7, 83 (1974).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0022-3735/7/2/005
54.
54.D. J. DeTurris and J. A. Schetz, AIAA Paper No. 90-2342, 16–18 July 1990.
55.
55.K. M. Chadwick, D. J. DeTurris, and J. A. Schetz, Trans. ASME: J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 115, 507 (1993).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.2906737
56.
56.J. E. Weiler and W. H. Hartwig, “The direct measurement of local skin friction coefficient,” University of Texas Report No. DRL-295, 1952.
57.
57.J. E. Weiler, “Design of an acceleration insensitive skin friction balance for flight testing,” MS thesis, University of Texas, June 1954.
58.
58.J. E. Weiler, “Design of an acceleration insensitive skin friction balance for flight testing,” Defense Research Laboratory, University of Texas Report No. DRL-342, 1954.
59.
59.P. L. McDill, “The design and experimental evaluation of a skin friction balance for measuring local turbulent shear stress in the presence of heat transfer at a Mach number of 5,” MS thesis, The University of Texas, 1961.
60.
60.P. L. McDill, “The design and experimental evaluation of a skin friction balance for measuring local turbulent shear stress in the presence of heat transfer at a Mach number of 5,” Defense Research Laboratory, University of Texas Report No. DRL-453, 1962.
61.
61.W. C. Lyons, Jr., “The design of an acceleration insensitive skin friction balance for use in free flight vehicles at supersonic speeds,” Defense Research Laboratory, University of Texas Report No. DRL-397, 1957.
62.
62.W. C. Lyons, Jr., U.S. Patent No. 2,935,870 (9 May 1958).
63.
63.F. B. O’Donnell, Jr., “A study of the effect of floating-element misalignment on skin-friction-balance accuracy,” Defense Research Laboratory, University of Texas Report No. DRL-515, March 1964.
64.
64.F. B. O’Donnell and J. C. Westkaemper, AIAA J. 3, 163 (1965).
http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/3.2815
65.
65.D. Coles, J. Aeronaut. Sci. 21, 433 (1954).
66.
66.D. W. Smith and J. H. Walker, “Skin-friction measurements in incompressible flow,” NASA Technical Report No. R-26, 1959
66.(supersedes NACA Technical Note No. 4231, 1959).
67.
67.D. Roche, C. Richard, L. Eyraud, P. Gonnard, and C. Audoly, IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics (IEEE, Piscataway, 1996), Paper No. 96CH35948, Vol. 1, pp. 273276.
68.
68.D. Roche, C. Richard, L. Eyraud, and C. Audoly, Ultrasonics 34, 147 (1996).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0041-624X(95)00092-H
69.
69.J. M. Allen, AIAA J. 18, 1342 (1980).
http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/3.50889
70.
70.F. L. Young, “Experimental investigation of the effects of surface roughness on compressible turbulent boundary layer skin friction and heat transfer,” Defense Research Laboratory, University of Texas Report No. DRL-532, May 1965.
71.
71.F. L. Young and J. C. Westkaemper, AIAA J. 3, 1201 (1965).
http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/3.3106
72.
72.H. Dershin, C. A. Leonard, W. H. Gallaher, and J. P. Palmer, “Direct measurement of compressible turbulent boundary layer skin friction on a porous flat plat with mass injection,” NASA CR Report No. 79095, 1966.
73.
73.K. C. Brown and P. N. Joubert, J. Fluid Mech. 35, 737 (1969).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022112069001418
74.
74.R. C. Hastings and W. G. Sawyer, “Turbulent boundary layers on a large flat plate at ,” Aeronautical Research Council R&M Report No. 3678, 1970.
75.
75.Y. Furuya and I. Nakamuta, Bull. JSME 18, 673 (1975).
76.
76.K. G. Winter and L. Gaudet, “Turbulent boundary-layer studies at high Reynolds numbers at Mach numbers between 0.2 and 2.8,” Aeronautical Research Council R&M Report No. 3712, 1970.
77.
77.L. Gaudet and K. G. Winter, “Measurements of the drag of some characteristic aircraft excrescences immersed in turbulent boundary layers,” AGARD CP Paper No. 4, 1973.
78.
78.L. C. Montoya and D. R. Bellman, U.S. Patent No. 4,240,290 (23 December 1980).
79.
79.P. Tcheng and F. H. Supplee, Jr., U.S. Patent No. 4,836,035 (6 June 1989).
80.
80.P. Tcheng and F. H. Supplee, Jr., NASA Tech. Briefs Report No. LAR-13710, 1989.
81.
81.F. Schultz-Grunow, Luftfahrtforschung 17, 239 (1940).
82.
82.F. Schultz-Grunow, “New frictional resistance law for smooth plates,” NASA Report No. TM 986, 1941.
83.
83.V. M. Kovalenko and N. I. Nesterovich, Izvest. Sibirsk. Otdel. Akad. Nauk. SSSR, Ser. Tekhn. Nauk. (USSR) 13, 107 (1973) (English translation).
84.
84.V. M. Kovalenko and N. I. Nesterovich, Royal Aircraft Establishment Farnborough, England, Lib. Trans., 1975, p. 1852.
85.
85.F. Hirt, U. Zurfluh, and H. Thomann, Exp. Fluids 4, 296 (1986).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00369124
86.
86.D. Gasser, H. Thomann, and P. Dengel, Exp. Fluids 15, 27 (1993).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00195592
87.
87.A. V. Marshakov, J. A. Schetz, and T. Kiss, J. Propul. Power 12, 245 (1996).
http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/3.24020
88.
88.E. C. Moulic, “Flat plate skin friction in low density hypersonic flow-preliminary results,” ARL Report No. 63-24, 1963.
89.
89.V. Ozarapoglu, H. Gerardin, J. Dickinson, Proceedings of the Third Canadian Congress of Applied Mechanics, Calgary, May 1971 (unpublished), pp. 535536.
90.
90.N. D. Vinh and V. Ozarapoglu, Proceedings of the Fourth Canadian Congress of Applied Mechanics, Montreal, 28 May–1 June 1973 (unpublished), pp. 591592.
91.
91.J. Dickinson and N. D. Vinh, Proceedings of the Fifth Canadian Congress of Applied Mechanics, Fredericton, 26–30 May 1975 (unpublished), pp. 515516.
92.
92.L. C. Squire and A. M. Savill, Proceedings of the International Conference on Turbulent Drag Reduction by Passive Means, London Royal Aircraft Establishment, 1987 (unpublished), Vol. 2, pp. 392407.
93.
93.L. C. Squire and A. M. Savill, Appl. Sci. Res. 46, 229 (1989).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00404820
94.
94.D. Frei and H. Thomann, J. Fluid Mech. 101, 79 (1980).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022112080001541
95.
95.S. Dhawan, “Direct measurements of skin friction,” NASA Report No. 1121, 1953.
96.
96.C. J. Harris, U.S. Patent No. 4,290,302 (22 September 1981).
97.
97.A. Padmanabhan, H. D. Goldberg, K. S. Breuer, and M. A. Schmidt, in Transducers'95: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors and Actuators, Stockholm, Sweden, June 1995 (Elsevier, Lausanne, 1996), Vol. 2, pp. 436439.
98.
98.W. E. Boyd, “Design of a microminiature shear stress/pressure sensor,” MS thesis, Vanderbilt University, December 1989.
99.
99.J. W. Delaplaine, AIChE J. 2, 127 (1956).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aic.690020125
100.
100.J. W. Delaplaine, AIChE J. 2, 371 (1956).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aic.690020315
101.
101.U. Tüzün and R. M. Nedderman, Chem. Eng. Sci. 40, 337 (1985).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0009-2509(85)85096-X
102.
102.U. Tüzün, M. J. Adams, and B. J. Briscoe, Chem. Eng. Sci. 43, 1083 (1988).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0009-2509(88)85069-3
103.
103.J. R. F. Arthur and K. H. Rosceo, Civ. Eng. Public Works Rev. 56, 659 (1961).
104.
104.J. Smid and J. Novosad, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 37, 3568 (1972).
105.
105.J. Smíd and J. Novosad, Powder Technol. 4, 322 (1971).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0032-5910(71)80057-8
106.
106.J. Smid, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 40, 2424 (1975).
107.
107.A. V. D. Bica and C. R. I. Clayton, J. Phys. E 22, 548 (1989).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0022-3735/22/8/002
108.
108.G. Broersma, THTR Symposium, Julich, Germany, 6–7 March 1968 (unpublished), pp. 356362.
109.
109.G. Broersma, “Behavior of granular materials,” Stam Technical Publications, Culemborg, The Netherlands, 1972, pp. 4972.
110.
110.S. L. Agarwal and S. Venkatesan, ASTM Spec. Tech. Publ. 392, 152 (1965).
111.
111.J. L. Novak, IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Scottsdale, AZ, 14–19 May 1989 (unpublished), Vol. 1, pp. 137144.
112.
112.A. N. Gent, R. L. Henry, and M. L. Roxbury, ASME Trans. J. Appl. Mech. 41, 855 (1974).
113.
113.J. E. Sanders and C. H. Daly, Proceedings of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society Conference, Seattle, 9–12 November 1989 (unpublished), Vol. 5, pp. 14431444.
114.
114.J. E. Sanders and C. H. Daly, IEEE Trans. Rehabil. Eng. 1, 79 (1993).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/86.242421
115.
115.J. E. Sanders, D. A. Boone, and C. H. Daly, Proceeding of the 13th Annual RESNA Conference, Washington, D.C. (RESNA, Washington, D.C., 1990), pp. 234235.
116.
116.J. E. Sanders, L. M. Smith, F. A. Spelman, and D. J. Warren, IEEE Trans. Rehabil. Eng. 3, 366 (1995).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/86.481977
117.
117.J. E. Sanders, D. Lam, A. J. Dralle, and R. Okumura, J. Rehabil. Res. Dev. 34, 19 (1997).
118.
118.F. A. Appoldt, L. Bennett, and R. Contini, Bull. Proc. Res.-Spring, 10–13, 70–86 (1970).
119.
119.P. M. Blair-Fish and P. L. Bransby, ASME J. Eng. Ind. 17, 17 (1973).
120.
120.J. W. Tappin, J. Pollard, and E. A. Beckett, Clin. Phys. Physiol. Meas. 1, 83 (1980).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0143-0815/1/1/006
121.
121.J. P. Pollard, L. P. Le Quesne, and J. W. Tappin, J. Biomed. Eng. 5, 37 (1983).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0141-5425(83)90076-6
122.
122.J. W. Tappin and K. P. Robertson, J. Biomed. Eng. 13, 39 (1991).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0141-5425(91)90042-6
123.
123.R. B. Williams, D. Porter, V. C. Roberts, and J. F. Regan, Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 30, 89 (1992).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02446199
124.
124.M. Lord, R. Hosein, and R. B. Williams, J. Biomed. Eng. 14, 181 (1992).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0141-5425(92)90049-Q
125.
125.P. Laing, H. Deogan, D. Cogley, S. Crerand, P. Hammond, and L. Klenerman, Clin. Phys. Physiol. Meas. 13, 115 (1992).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0143-0815/13/2/002
126.
126.A. M. Lebar, G. F. Harris, J. J. Wertsch, and H. Zhu, Proceedings of the 15th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medical and Biology Society, San Diego, CA, 1993 (unpublished), Vol. 15, pp. 989990.
127.
127.A. M. Lebar, G. F. Harris, J. J. Wertsch, and H. Zhu, IEEE Trans. Rehabil. Eng. 4, 310 (1996).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/86.547932
128.
128.J. M. Reiss, U.S. Patent No. 4,059,011 (22 November 1977).
129.
129.E. O. Doebelin, Measurement Systems: Application and Design, 3rd ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1983).
130.
130.MTI Instruments Inc., New York, http://www.mtiinstruments.com.
131.
131.A. J. Giacomin, T. Samurkas, and J. M. Dealy, Polym. Eng. Sci. 29, 499 (1989).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pen.760290803
132.
132.D. J. Beebe, D. D. Denton, J. G. Webster, and R. G. Radwin, IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 45, 151 (1998).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/10.661263
133.
133.L. Wang and D. J. Beebe, Sens. Actuators, A 84, 33 (2000).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0924-4247(99)00342-8
134.
134.G. H. Kim and Y. M. Shkel, Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference of Electro-Rheological Fluids and Magneto-Rheological Suspensions, Nice, 9–13 July 2001 (unpublished).
135.
135.C. Audoly, L. Eyraud, D. Roche, and C. Richard, European Patent No. EP 0 742 597 A1 (13 November 1996).
136.
136.P. L. Bransby, “Cambridge contact stress transducers,” CUED/C-SOILS/LN2, Lecture notes for the course on “Research techniques and equipment in soil mechanics,” Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, 1973.
137.
137.J. Smid, Tonindustrie-Zeitung (TIZ) Fachberichte Rohstoff-Engineering 4, 238 (1980).
138.
138.J. Smid, Grundlagen der Landtechnik 33, 72 (1983).
139.
139.J. M. Dealy, U.S. Patent No. 4,571,989 (25 February 1986).
140.
140.Rheology Test and Data Acquisition User’s Manual, Interlaken Tech., Corp., 1992.
141.
141.Interlaken Technology Corporation, 7600 Golden Triangle Drive, Eden Prairie, Minnesota 55344.
142.
142.J. M. Dealy and R. S. Jeyaseelan, J. Rheol. 42, 833 (1998).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1122/1.550903
143.
143.J. M. Dealy, in Theoretical and Applied Rheology, Proceedings of the 11th International Congress on Rheology, Brussels, Belgium, 17–21 August 1992, edited by P. Moldenaers and R. Keunings (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1992), pp. 3944.
144.
144.T. O. Broadhead, B. I. Nelson, and J. M. Dealy, Int. Polym. Process. 8, 104 (1993).
145.
145.Kistler Instrument Corporation, see http://www.kistler.com.
146.
146.L. Löfdahl and M. Gad-el-Hak, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 665 (1999).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0957-0233/10/8/302
147.
147.M. A. Schmidt, R. T. Howe, S. D. Senturia, and J. H. Haritonidis, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 35, 750 (1988).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/16.2527
148.
148.J. H. Haritonidis, R. T. Howe, M. A. Schmidt, and S. D. Senturia, U.S. Patent No. 4,896,098 (23 January 1990).
149.
149.D. Hyman, T. Pan, E. Reshotko, and M. Mehregany, AIAA J. 37, 73 (1999).
http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/2.666
150.
150.K. -Y. Ng and M. A. Schmidt, U.S. Patent No. 5,199,298 (6 April 1993).
151.
151.H. U. Everett, “Calibration of skin friction balance discs for pressure gradient,” Defense Research Laboratory, University of Texas Report No. DRL-426, August 1958.
152.
152.N. D. Vinh, C. R. Académie des Sciences, Paris Série A 277, 1115 (1973).
153.
153.C. Kolitawong, “Local shear stress transduction in the sliding plate rheometry,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Wisconsin, 2002.
154.
154.C. Kolitawong and A. J. Giacomin, J. Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech. 102, 71 (2002).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0377-0257(01)00139-2
155.
155.C. Kolitawong and A. J. Giacomin, Proceedings of The 14th International Congress on Rheology, COEX Convention Center, Seoul, Korea, 22–27 August 2004 (unpublished).
156.
156.W. G. Sawyer and K. G. Winter, Proceedings of the International Conference on Turbulent Drag Reduction by Passive Means, London Royal Aircraft Establishment, 1987 (unpublished), Vol. 2, pp. 330362.
157.
157.L. Gaudet, Proceedings International Conference on Turbulent Drag Reduction by Passive Means, London Royal Aircraft Establishment, 1987 (unpublished), Vol. 2, pp. 363376.
158.
158.J. C. Westkamper, “Design and construction of floating element skin friction balances for use at 50–150°,” NASA CR Report No. 66423, August 1967.
159.
159.J. C. Westkaemper, AIAA J. 1, 1708 (1963).
http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/3.1907
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/rsi/81/2/10.1063/1.3314284
Loading
/content/aip/journal/rsi/81/2/10.1063/1.3314284
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/aip/journal/rsi/81/2/10.1063/1.3314284
2010-02-24
2016-02-11

Abstract

This is a comprehensive review of local direct measurement shear stress transducers. Transducers are first classified by their movement, measuring mode, and mechanism. These categories are then subclassified into active or passive movement, static or dynamic measuring mode, and rotational or translational mechanisms. Over 80 transducers are reviewed and tabulated. Finally, sources of transducer error are analyzed. Primary sources of error are transducer and housing misalignment, material ingress around the active face, active face roughness, and the effects of temperature gradients when making measurements on surfaces where temperature gradients develop.

Loading

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/aip/journal/rsi/81/2/1.3314284.html;jsessionid=6q9k1kb3srpr.x-aip-live-03?itemId=/content/aip/journal/rsi/81/2/10.1063/1.3314284&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah&containerItemId=content/aip/journal/rsi
true
true

Access Key

  • FFree Content
  • OAOpen Access Content
  • SSubscribed Content
  • TFree Trial Content
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd