banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
A battery-based, low-noise voltage source
Rent this article for
View: Figures


Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

Block diagram of the voltage source, showing the design of the ±15 V channels. The design for the −5 V channel is slightly different since a voltage divider between the -filter and the voltage controller is necessary. For the channel, however, the input voltage for the voltage controller is directly taken from the battery.

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

Circuit diagram of the sine generator, mainly consisting of a Wien-bridge-oscillator (Ref. 23), a part to stabilize the amplitude, and an amplifier.

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

Circuit diagram of the power amplifier. In the upper part, the initial sinusoidal signal is retained unchanged, whereas it is inverted in the lower part by OpAmp . OpAmp provides a 6 V dc-offset. The two 180°-phase-shifted sines are then applied to the OpAmps and , addressing two identical push-pull stages. The large capacitor at the upper output corrects the dc-offset voltage between the two outputs of the design.

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

Optional wiring of the power amplifier to increase the maximum current. Only the upper part of the entire design is shown. The power OpAmp is supplied by its own output voltage, taken from behind the filter. In this realization, the 12 V battery voltage is only used for the start-up of the OpAmp and as soon as the output voltage is higher it takes over. Obviously, the output transistors still have to be supplied by the battery.

Image of FIG. 5.
FIG. 5.

Circuit diagram of the voltage controller for the output. The reference voltage and its wiring are explained in Sec. ???. For more details, see text.

Image of FIG. 6.
FIG. 6.

Circuit diagram of the voltage controller for the −15 V output. The functional principle is equivalent to the positive voltage controller (see Sec. ???).

Image of FIG. 7.
FIG. 7.

Circuit diagram of the reference voltage wiring. The reference voltage VRE310 (Ref. 30) provides 10 V output voltage, which is adjusted for each controller. The gray-highlighted parts label the voltage controllers, which are not completely shown. The characteristics of the resistors used for converting the reference voltage and for the voltage dividers in the feedback are reflected in the output voltage and should therefore have a low temperature drift.

Image of FIG. 8.
FIG. 8.

Long-term stability of the output channel. The measurement was performed in a temperature-stabilized enclosure with a load of . The time slice between two measurements was 7 s.

Image of FIG. 9.
FIG. 9.

(a) Histogram and (b) Allan-deviation of the output voltage shown in Fig. 8. The dashed line in (a) is a Gaussian distribution fitted to the data, yielding an FWHM of .

Image of FIG. 10.
FIG. 10.

Noise level of the output. In the operation region of the voltage controller, the noise level is slightly higher. The small peaks do not originate from the voltage source, but are external distortions.

Image of FIG. 11.
FIG. 11.

Temperature dependency of the output voltage. The dashed line is a linear fit which determines the temperature coefficient to .


Article metrics loading...


Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: A battery-based, low-noise voltage source