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High-resolution current sensor utilizing nanocrystalline alloy and magnetoelectric laminate composite
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/content/aip/journal/rsi/83/11/10.1063/1.4763570
2012-11-02
2015-02-28

Abstract

A self-powered currentsensor consisting of the magnetostrictive/piezoelectric laminatecomposite and the high-permeability nanocrystalline alloys is presented. The induced vortexmagnetic flux is concentrated and amplified by using an optimized-shape nanocrystalline alloy of FeCuNbSiB into the magnetoelectric laminatecomposite; this optimization allows improving the sensitivity significantly as well as increasing the saturation of the currentsensor. The main advantages of this currentsensor are its large dynamic range and ability to measurecurrents accurately. An analytical expression for the relationship between current and voltage is derived by using the magnetic circuit principle, which predicts the measured sensitivity well. The experimental results exhibit an approximately linear relationship between the electric current and the induced voltage. The dynamic range of this sensor is from 0.01 A to 150 A, and a small electric current step-change of 0.01 A can be clearly distinguished at the power-line frequency of 50 Hz. We demonstrate that the currentsensor has a flat operational frequency in the range of 1 Hz–20 kHz relative to a conventional induction coil. The currentsensor indicates great potentials for monitoring conditions of electrical facilities in practical applications due to the large dynamic range, linear sensitivity, wide bandwidth frequency response, and good time stability.

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Scitation: High-resolution current sensor utilizing nanocrystalline alloy and magnetoelectric laminate composite
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/rsi/83/11/10.1063/1.4763570
10.1063/1.4763570
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