Ion charge state evolution for the 96% fixed “overlapping” case. The simulation results shown are so close that the curves can be hardly distinguished.
Ion charge state distribution evolution simulation for r h = 0.024 cm (being r b = 0.12, it corresponds to an overlapping of 96%). The red line refers to r h = 0.024, the blue line refers to r h = 0.0).
Ion charge state distribution evolution: (a) case of comparison with no hollow and r h = 0.012 cm; (b) case of r h = 0.024 cm with different eb currents.
Ion charge state distribution for different vfac. In (a) it is shown the case with r h = 0.0 and in (b) the case r h = 0.024 cm.
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