Schematic representation of distributions of ions and electric potential profile at negatively charged solid-solution interface.
(a) Electrolyte flow through and (b) conceptual image of flow path.
(a) Schematic diagram and (b) photograph of experimental setup.
(a) SEM image of the test specimen and (b) topological change of test specimen obtained using surface profiling system.
One-dimensional scan results obtained using a probe with a ID of 50 μm for specimen represented in Fig. 4(a) : (a) cross-sectional view of the specimen, (b) topological data of EKM, and (c) streaming potential data of EKM.
Two-dimensional scan results obtained using a probe with a ID of 50 μm: (a) SEM image of the test specimen, (b) topography micrograph, and (c) heterogeneity micrograph measured by the EKM.
Relationships (a) between streaming potential and relative distance and (b) between streaming potential and pressure difference.
Experimental results for the conductor surface materials: (a) Ag and Si3N4, and (b) Alumel and Si3N4.
Effect of the probe size on the lateral resolution of the EKM: (a) cross-sectional view of the test specimen with 250 μm width pattern, (b) one-dimensional scan results with a probe of 50 μm ID, and (c) of 150 μm ID.
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