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Invited Article: Coherent imaging using seeded free-electron laser pulses with variable polarization: First results and research opportunities
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http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/rsi/84/5/10.1063/1.4807157
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/content/aip/journal/rsi/84/5/10.1063/1.4807157
2013-05-29
2014-08-22

Abstract

FERMI@Elettra, the first vacuum ultraviolet and soft X-ray free-electron laser (FEL) using by default a “seeded” scheme, became operational in 2011 and has been opened to users since December 2012. The parameters of the seeded FERMI FEL pulses and, in particular, the superior control of emitted radiation in terms of spectral purity and stability meet the stringent requirements for single-shot and resonant coherent diffraction imaging (CDI) experiments. The advantages of the intense seeded FERMI pulses with variable polarization have been demonstrated with the first experiments performed using the multipurpose experimental station operated at the diffraction and projection imaging (DiProI) beamline. The results reported here were obtained with fixed non-periodic targets during the commissioning period in 2012 using 20–32 nm wavelength range. They demonstrate that the performance of the FERMI FEL source and the experimental station meets the requirements of CDI, holography, and resonant magnetic scattering in both multi- and single-shot modes. Moreover, we present the first magnetic scattering experiments employing the fully circularly polarized FERMI pulses. The ongoing developments aim at pushing the lateral resolution by using shorter wavelengths provided by double-stage cascaded FERMI FEL-2 and probing ultrafast dynamic processes using different pump-probe schemes, including jitter-free seed laser pump or FEL-pump/FEL-probe with two color FEL pulses generated by the same electron bunch.

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Scitation: Invited Article: Coherent imaging using seeded free-electron laser pulses with variable polarization: First results and research opportunities
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/rsi/84/5/10.1063/1.4807157
10.1063/1.4807157
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