1887
banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
oa
A high-flux high-order harmonic source
Rent:
Rent this article for
Access full text Article
/content/aip/journal/rsi/84/7/10.1063/1.4812266
1.
1. C. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnürer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulsesScience 278, 661 (1997).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.278.5338.661
2.
2. T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 12871291 (2012).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1218497
3.
3. Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Highly coherent soft x-ray generation by macroscopic phase matching of high-order harmonics,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L1154L1156 (2001).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1143/JJAP.40.L1154
4.
4. E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1157846
5.
5. F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163234 (2009).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/RevModPhys.81.163
6.
6. S. L. Sorensen, O. Bjorneholm, I. Hjelte, T. Kihlgren, G. Ohrwall, S. Sundin, S. Svensson, S. Buil, D. Descamps, and A. L'Huillier, “Femtosecond pump-probe photoelectron spectroscopy of predissociative states in acetylen,” J. Chem. Phys. 112, 8038 (2000).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.481402
7.
7. R. L. Sandberg, C. Song, P. W. Wachulak, D. A. Raymondson, A. Paul, B. Amirbekian, E. Lee, A. E. Sakdinawat, C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. C. Marconi, C. S. Menoni, M. M. Murnane, J. J. Rocca, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. Miao, “High numerical aperture tabletop soft x-ray diffraction microscopy with 70-nm resolution,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105, 2427 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0710761105
8.
8. J. Schwenke, E. Lorek, R. Rakowski, X. He, A. Kvennefors, A. Mikkelsen, P. Rudawski, C. M. Heyl, I. Maximov, S.-G. Pettersson, A. Persson, and A. L'Huillier, “Digital in-line holography on amplitude and phase objects prepared with electron beam lithography,” J. Microsc. 247, 196201 (2012).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2818.2012.03632.x
9.
9. G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 4, 296300 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nphys889
10.
10. E. P. Benis, D. Charalambidis, T. N. Kitsopoulos, G. D. Tsakiris, and P. Tzallas, “Two-photon double ionization of rare gases by a superposition of harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 051402(R) (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.74.051402
11.
11. K. Ishikawa and K. Midorikawa, “Two-photon ionization of He+ as a nonlinear optical effect in the soft-x-ray region,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 043405 (2002).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.65.043405
12.
12. M. Ferray, A. L'Huillier, X. F. Li, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiple-harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases,” J. Phys. B 21, L31 (1988).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-4075/21/3/001
13.
13. A. McPherson, G. Gibson, H. Jara, U. Johann, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Studies of multiphoton production of vacuum-ultraviolet radiation in the rare gases,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 595 (1987).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.4.000595
14.
14. T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/RevModPhys.72.545
15.
15. E. J. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Low-divergence coherent soft x-ray source at 13 nm by high-order harmonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 46 (2004).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1637949
16.
16. T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, P. Arpin, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “The attosecond nonlinear optics of bright coherent x-ray generation,” Nat. Photonics 4, 822832 (2010).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2010.256
17.
17. E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, T. Otsuka, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of highly coherent submicrojoule soft x rays by high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 021802(R) (2002).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.66.021802
18.
18. E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of 10-μJ coherent extreme-ultraviolet light by use of high-order harmonics,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1920 (2002).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.27.001920
19.
19. J.-F. Hergott, M. Kovacev, H. Merdji, C. Hubert, Y. Mairesse, E. Jean, P. Breger, P. Agostini, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Extreme-ultraviolet high-order harmonic pulses in the microjoule range,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 021801(R) (2002).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.66.021801
20.
20. J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L'Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Attosecond pulse trains generated using two color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 013001 (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.97.013001
21.
21. D. Shafir, H. Soifer, B. D. Bruner, M. Dagan, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, M. Yu. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and N. Dudovich, “Resolving the time when an electron exits a tunneling barrier,” Nature (London) 485, 343346 (2012).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature11025
22.
22. F. Brizuela, C. M. Heyl, P. Rudawski, D. Kroon, L. Rading, J. M. Dahlström, J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, C. L. Arnold, and A. L'Huillier, “Efficient high-order harmonic generation boosted by below-threshold harmonics,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1410 (2013).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep01410
23.
23. P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.71.1994
24.
24. K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599 (1993).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.70.1599
25.
25. P. Salières, A. L'Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence control of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3776 (1995).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.74.3776
26.
26. S. Kazamias, D. Douillet, F. Weihe, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, F. Augé, D. Hulin, and P. Balcou, “Global optimization of high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 193901 (2003).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.90.193901
27.
27. C. M. Heyl, J. Güdde, A. L'Huillier, and U. Höfer, “High-order harmonic generation with μJ laser pulses at high repetition rates,” J. Phys. B 45, 074020 (2012).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-4075/45/7/074020
28.
28. E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. L. Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing high harmonic generation in absorbing gases: Model and experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.82.1668
29.
29.Attotech HB.
30.
30. C. Lyngå, M. B. Gaarde, C. Delfin, M. Bellini, A. L'Huillier, T. W. Hänsch, and C.-G. Wahlström, “Studies of the temporal coherence of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 4823 (1999).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.60.4823
31.
31. C. Erny, E. Mansten, M. Gisselbrecht, J. Schwenke, R. Rakowski, X. He, M. B. Gaarde, S. Werin, and A. L'Huillier, “Metrology of high-order harmonics for free-electron laser seeding,” New J. Phys. 13, 073035 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/13/7/073035
32.
32. B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: Photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E = 50-30000 ev, Z = 1–92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54, 181342 (1993).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/adnd.1993.1013
33.
33. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Cambridge University Press, 1999).
34.
34. B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (John Wiley and Sons, 2007).
35.
35. R. A. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science 297, 376 (2002).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1071718
36.
36. X. He, M. Miranda, J. Schwenke, O. Guilbaud, T. Ruchon, C. Heyl, E. Georgadiou, R. Rakowski, A. Persson, M. B. Gaarde, and A. L'Huillier, “Spatial and spectral properties of the high-order harmonic emission in argon for seeding applications,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 063829 (2009).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.79.063829
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/rsi/84/7/10.1063/1.4812266
Loading
/content/aip/journal/rsi/84/7/10.1063/1.4812266
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/aip/journal/rsi/84/7/10.1063/1.4812266
2013-07-09
2014-07-28

Abstract

We develop and implement an experimental strategy for the generation of high-energy high-order harmonics (HHG) in gases for studies of nonlinear processes in the soft x-ray region. We generate high-order harmonics by focusing a high energy Ti:Sapphire laser into a gas cell filled with argon or neon. The energy per pulse is optimized by an automated control of the multiple parameters that influence the generation process. This optimization procedure allows us to obtain energies per pulse and harmonic order as high as 200 nJ in argon and 20 nJ in neon, with good spatial properties, using a loose focusing geometry ( ) and a 20 mm long medium. We also theoretically examine the macroscopic conditions for absorption-limited conversion efficiency and optimization of the HHG pulse energy for high-energy laser systems.

Loading

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/aip/journal/rsi/84/7/1.4812266.html;jsessionid=12nfis51i40dk.x-aip-live-02?itemId=/content/aip/journal/rsi/84/7/10.1063/1.4812266&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah&containerItemId=content/aip/journal/rsi
true
true
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
This feature is disabled while Scitation upgrades its access control system.
This feature is disabled while Scitation upgrades its access control system.
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: A high-flux high-order harmonic source
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/rsi/84/7/10.1063/1.4812266
10.1063/1.4812266
SEARCH_EXPAND_ITEM