Decreasing the co-extracted electron current while simultaneously keeping negative ion (NI) current sufficiently high is a crucial issue on the development plasma source system for ITER Neutral Beam Injector. To support finding the best extraction conditions the 3D Particle-in-Cell Monte Carlo Collision electrostatic code ONIX (Orsay Negative Ion eXtraction) has been developed. Close collaboration with experiments and other numerical models allows performing realistic simulations with relevant input parameters: plasma properties, geometry of the extraction aperture, full 3D magnetic field map, etc. For the first time ONIX has been benchmarked with commercial positive ions tracing code KOBRA3D. A very good agreement in terms of the meniscus position and depth has been found. Simulation of NI extraction with different e/NI ratio in bulk plasma shows high relevance of the direct negative ion extraction from the surface produced NI in order to obtain extracted NI current as in the experimental results from BATMAN testbed.
U. Fantz and
Source:Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85, 02B301 (
1.R. Hemsworth, H. Decamps, J. Graceffa, B. Schunke, M. Tanaka, M. Dremel, A. Tanga, H. P. L. De Esch, F. Geli, J. Milnes, T. Inoue, D. Marcuzzi, P. Sonato, and P. Zaccaria, Nucl. Fusion49, 045006 (2009).
4.E. SpethH. D. Falter, P. Franzen, U. Fantz, M. Bandyopadhyay, S. Christ, A. Encheva, M. Fröschle, D. Holtum, B. Heinemann, W. Kraus, A. Lorenz, Ch. Martens, P. McNeely, S. Obermayer, R. Riedl, R. Süss, A. Tanga, R. Wilhelm, and D. Wünderlich, Nucl. Fusion46, S220 (2006).