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/content/aip/journal/rsi/86/10/10.1063/1.4934976
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/content/aip/journal/rsi/86/10/10.1063/1.4934976
2015-10-28
2016-12-04

Abstract

We report a simple, robust cavity ring-down spectroscopy system to reliably measure trace moisture in gases at parts-per-trillion (ppt) levels. The performance of the system was evaluated on the basis of experiments performed in a manner traceable to the International System of Units. The obtained result was in good agreement with the primary trace-moisture standard at 12 nmol/mol (12 ppb) in N in amount-of-substance fraction. Measurement capability of residual moisture in high-purity dry N at ∼130 pmol/mol (130 ppt) was demonstrated, and background noise of 5.3 × 10−12 cm−1 was attained, corresponding to a minimum detectable HO of 5 pmol/mol (5 ppt).

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