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This paper describes the design of a flexible titanium foil cell, as well as its applications in hydrothermal experiments and in non-contaminating storage of seafloor hydrothermal fluids. A flexible cell constructed totally from pure titanium (Grade 1) can be used in corrosive environment because of the excellent chemical stability and temperature tolerance of the material. Theoretical calculation and finite element analysis of the titanium foil cell have been conducted to identify its flexibility and deformation mode. Two applications, i.e., hydrothermal reaction and non-contaminating fluid sampling, were introduced subsequently. The flexible titanium foil cell was successfully tested at elevated temperature and pressure of up to 400 °C and 40 MPa, respectively, demonstrating that it could be widely used under supercritical water conditions.


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