- Conference date: 30 Jan - 3 Feb 2000
- Location: Albuquerque, New Mexico (USA)
A formulation of a canonical model to elucidate the interplay and competition between three primary sources of heat and mass transfer in non-isothermal systems with gas/liquid interfaces is presented. The nonlinear interaction between (i) buoyancy driven flow in the bulk, (ii) thermal Marangoni flow at the gas/liquid interface, and (iii) surfactant Marangoni flow at the interface is considered. A numerical model of the Navier-Stokes and energy equations is being developed for a simple, axisymmetric flow geometry. The boundary conditions for the Navier-Stokes equations are functions of the intrinsic viscoelastic properties of the interface, specifically the surface tension and the surface viscosities. A flow geometry which is amenable to both experiments and computations for elucidating the separate effects of the three mechanisms consists of an annular region bounded by a stationary inner and an outer cylinder and floor, and a free surface. The flow is driven by the temperature difference between the inner and outer cylinder which are set independently, and the floor is insulated. The predictions of the model for earth-g can be compared to laboratory measurements of the velocity field, and the surface temperature distribution. The predictions of the model for arbitrary gravity may be subsequently tested in the microgravity environment.
- Gas liquid interfaces
- Buoyancy driven flows
- Gas liquid flows
- Navier Stokes equations
- Surface tension
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