- Conference date: 4-9 June 2000
- Location: Florence, Itlay
Bose-Einstein condensation has been achieved in a magnetically trapped sample of atoms. Stable condensates of up to atoms have been created by using a magnetic-field-induced Feshbach resonance to reverse the sign of the zero-field scattering length. These condensates provide unique opportunities for the study of BEC physics. The variation of the scattering length near the resonance has been used to magnetically tune the condensate self-interaction energy over a very wide range. This range extended from very strong repulsive self-interactions to large attractive ones. The effect of moving the condensate through the Feshbach resonance has been studied and compared with theory. Long-lived metastable condensates with attractive interactions have been produced near the zero of the Feshbach resonance. The transition from repulsive to attractive interactions can lead to a “collapse” of the condensate in which the cloud shrinks below our resolution limit, loses a significant number of atoms due to inelastic losses, and emits a burst of high-energy atoms.
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