- Conference date: 13-15 March 2002
- Location: Shonan Village, Hayama (Japan)
Low frequency, relativistic sub‐cycle localised (soliton‐like) concentrations of the electromagnetic (em) energy are found in two‐dimensional (2D) and in three‐dimensional (3D) Particle in Cell simulations of the interaction of ultra‐short, high‐intensity laser pulses with homogeneous and inhomogeneous plasmas. These solitons consist of electron and ion density depressions and intense em field concentrations with a frequency definitely lower than that of the laser pulse. The downshift of the pulse frequency, due to the depletion of the pulse energy, causes a significant portion of the pulse em energy to become trapped as solitons, slowly propagating inside the plasma. In an earlier phase solitons are formed due to the trapping of the em radiation inside an electron cavity, while ions can be assumed to remain at rest. Later on, after (mi/me)1/2 times the laser period, ions start to move and the ion depletion occurs producing a slowly growing hole in the plasma density. In inhomogeneous plasmas the solitons are accelerated toward the plasma vacuum interface where they radiate away their energy in the form of bursts of low frequency em radiation. In the frame of a 1D cold hydrodynamic model for an electron‐ion plasma, the existence of multipeaked em solitons has been investigated both analytically and numerically. The analytical expression for a sub‐cycle relativistic soliton has been derived for circularly polarized pulses in a cold isotropic plasma, and in the presence of an externally applied magnetic field. Recently, em relativistic solitons in a hot multi‐component plasma have been investigated in the frame of an hydrodynamic (adiabatic) model and of a kinetic (isothermal) model. An overview of the most recent analytical and numerical results on the soliton dynamics is given.
- Plasma solitons
- Relativistic plasmas
- Electromagnetic interactions
- Hydrological modeling
- Accelerated plasmas
Daniel Baumann, Mark G. Jackson, Peter Adshead, Alexandre Amblard, Amjad Ashoorioon, Nicola Bartolo, Rachel Bean, Maria Beltrán, Francesco de Bernardis, Simeon Bird, Xingang Chen, Daniel J. H. Chung, Loris Colombo, Asantha Cooray, Paolo Creminelli, Scott Dodelson, Joanna Dunkley, Cora Dvorkin, Richard Easther, Fabio Finelli, Raphael Flauger, Mark P. Hertzberg, Katherine Jones‐Smith, Shamit Kachru, Kenji Kadota, Justin Khoury, William H. Kinney, Eiichiro Komatsu, Lawrence M. Krauss, Julien Lesgourgues, Andrew Liddle, Michele Liguori, Eugene Lim, Andrei Linde, Sabino Matarrese, Harsh Mathur, Liam McAllister, Alessandro Melchiorri, Alberto Nicolis, Luca Pagano, Hiranya V. Peiris, Marco Peloso, Levon Pogosian, Elena Pierpaoli, Antonio Riotto, Uroš Seljak, Leonardo Senatore, Sarah Shandera, Eva Silverstein, Tristan Smith, Pascal Vaudrevange, Licia Verde, Ben Wandelt, David Wands, Scott Watson, Mark Wyman, Amit Yadav, Wessel Valkenburg and Matias Zaldarriaga
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