- Conference date: 28 March-3 April 2004
- Location: Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
A critical discussion of the present status of the CERN experiments on charm dynamics and hadron collective flow is given. We emphasize the importance of the flow excitation function from 1 to 50 A⋅GeV: here the hydrodynamic model has predicted the collapse of the v 1‐flow and of the v 2‐flow at ∼ 10 A⋅GeV; at 40 A⋅GeV it has been recently observed by the NA49 collaboration. Since hadronic rescattering models predict much larger flow than observed at this energy we interpret this observation as potential evidence for a first order phase transition at high baryon density ρ B . A detailed discussion of the collective flow as a barometer for the equation of state (EoS) of hot dense matter at RHIC follows. Additionally, detailed transport studies show that the away‐side jet suppression can only partially (< 50%) be due to hadronic rescattering. We, finally, propose upgrades and second generation experiments at RHIC which inspect the first order phase transition in the fragmentation region, i.e. at μ B ≈ 400 MeV (y ≈ 4 – 5), where the collapse of the proton flow should be seen in analogy to the 40 A⋅GeV data. The study of Jet‐Wake‐riding potentials and Bow shocks — caused by jets in the QGP formed at RHIC — can give further information on the equation of state (EoS) and transport coefficients of the Quark Gluon Plasma (QGP).
- Equations of state
- Collective flow
- Relativistic heavy ion collisions
- Hydrological modeling
- Phase transitions
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