- Conference date: 6-11 June 2005
- Location: Vaxjo (Sweden)
Neutron optical experiments are presented, which exhibit quantum contextual phenomena. Entanglement is achieved not between particles, but between degrees of freedom, in this case, for a single‐particle. Appropriate combinations of the direction of spin analysis and the position of the phase shifter allow an experimental verification of the violation of a Bell‐like inequality. Our experiments manifest the fact that manipulation of the wavefunction in one Hilbert space influences the result of the measurement in the other Hilbert space: manipulation without touch! Next, we report another experiment which exhibits other peculiarity of quantum contextuality, e.g., originally intended to show a Kochen‐Specker‐like phenomenon. We have introduced inequalities for quantitative analysis of the experiments. The value obtained in the experiments clearly showed violations of prediction by non‐contextual theory. Finally, we have accomplished a tomographic determination of entangled quantum state in single‐neutrons. There, characteristics of the Bell‐sate are confirmed: four poles for the real part of the density matrix are clearly seen.
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