- Conference date: 19-24 September 2005
- Location: Varenna (Italy)
The self‐action dynamics of three‐dimensional wave packets whose width is of the order of carrier frequency is studied under rather general assumptions concerning the dispersion properties of the medium. The condition for the wave field collapse is determined. Self‐action regimes in a dispersion‐free medium and in media with predominance of anomalous or normal group velocity dispersions are numerically investigated. It is shown that, for extremely short pulses, nonlinearity leads not only to the self‐compression of the wave field but also to a “turn‐over” of the longitudinal profile. In a dispersionless medium, the formation of a shock front within the pulse leads to the nonlinear dissipation of linearly polarized radiation and to self‐focusing stabilization. For circularly polarized radiation, the wave collapse is accompanied by the formation of an envelope shock wave.
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