- Conference date: 7-9 September 2005
- Location: Trieste (Italy) and Losinj (Croatia)
With reference to a system of n spin‐1/2 particles which are distributed between two space‐like separated parties, we present two procedures to perform an instantaneous and local measurement of any nondegenerate observable having as its eigenstates the orthonormal basis of n‐partite entangled states introduced in [S. Bose, V. Vedral, and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. A 57, 822 (1998)], whose vectors reduce to the Bell states for n = 2 and to the GHZ states for n = 3. The first procedure implements a genuine nondemolition measurement by resorting to two n‐particle entangled states as an additional resource. The second one distinguishes between those eigenstates, though without preserving them (i.e., it is a demolition measurement), but it requires only a single couple of additional particles in a (maximally entangled) Bell state. Both methods are instantaneous, in the sense that the outcome of the measurement process is completely determined as soon as the local operations, whose duration can be made as short as one wishes, have been independently performed in the two distant regions where the particles are located.
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