Depleted Uranium (DU) is used in ammunition designed for armour‐piercing. DU was used in the Gulf war 1991, wars in Bosnia 1994–1995, Kosovo 1999 and Iraq 2003. The United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) Post‐Conflict Branch investigated sites where DU was used and evaluated health and environmental risks during missions to Kosovo, Serbia and Bosnia. During a mission to Lebanon in 2006, UNEP also sampled areas where DU was supposed to have been used but did not find any DU. Due to the grave risks to the lives of UN personnel, no UNEP mission was carried out in Iraq. UNEP has provided training for personnel engaged in decontamination of DU in Bosnia and Iraq.
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