Peptides as Model Systems for the Unfolded State of Proteins Explored By Vibrational Spectroscopy
- Conference date: 24–28 February 2008
- Location: Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala (India)
Unfolded proteins are generally thought to be structurally random with a minimum of non‐local interactions. This concept implies that with the exception of glycine and proline the conformational propensities of amino acid residues in polypeptides should be comparable in that they all sample the statistically allowed region of the Ramachandran plot. However, over the last ten years experimental and computational evidence has emerged for the notion that the conformational space of residues might be more restricted than predicted by random or statistical coil models. We have developed several algorithms which can be used to simulate the amide I band profile of the IR, isotropic Raman, anisotropic Raman and Vibrational Circular Dichroism (VCD) spectra of polypeptides based on assumed ensembles of side chain conformations. The simulations are generally restricted by coupling constants obtained from NMR spectroscopy. A comparison with experimental results reveals that e.g. alanine has a clear preference for the so called polyproline II (PPII) conformation in short peptides. The situation becomes more complex if longer polyalanines are doped with negatively charged residues. For the so‐called XAO‐peptide ( X: diaminobutyric acid, O;ornithine) we found a more compact structure owing to multiple turn conformations sampled by the interfaces. For Salmon Calcitonin, a 32‐residue hormone, we identified a mixture of PPII, β‐strand and helical conformations. Currently, we are in the process of investigating short GxG (x; different natural amino acid residues) peptides in terms of conformational distributions obtained from coil libraries. This will enable us obtain the conformational preferences of amino acid residues in the absence of nearest neighbor interactions.
- Conformational dynamics
- Interface structure
- Infrared spectra
- Raman spectra
- Vibrational spectroscopy
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