- Conference date: 31 August–7 September 2008
- Location: Sozopol (Bulgaria)
As the international space community is preparing to return humans to the Moon, and to set the stage for manned exploration of Mars, it remains unclear if long missions outside of Low‐Earth Orbit (LEO) can be accomplished with acceptable risk. The central objective of our project, the Earth–Moon–Mars Radiation Environment Module (EMMREM), is to create a reliable numerical model for completely characterizing time‐dependent radiation exposure in the Earth–Moon–Mars and Interplanetary space environments. EMMREM includes several submodules—an energetic particle transport code (EPREM), a baryon transport code (BRYNTRN), submodules for input and output, and visualization. EPREM (Energetic Particles Radiation Environment Module) is a 3D parallelized kinetic code, the core of EMMREM. It is being integrated into the EMMREM framework, and we’ve introduced accurate positions for solar system bodies, spacecraft, and other observers within the code, using the NASA SPICE package. The EMMREM framework is currently being comprehensively validated using well‐studied solar energetic proton events. The results of EMMREM will improve risk assessment models so that future human exploration missions can be adequately planned.
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