Blue Light Phototherapy Kills Methycillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA)
- Conference date: 6–7 November 2009
- Location: Firenze (Italy)
Background: Methycillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteria continue to defy most available antibiotics. As a result infections with MRSA remain a growing public health concern. As a paradigm shift and a significant departure from the on‐going trend to develop stronger drug‐based therapies, we studied the effect of 405 nm and 470 nm wavelengths of blue light on two strains of MRSA—US‐300 strain of CA‐MRSA and the IS853 strain of HA‐MRSA—in vitro. Methods: We cultured and plated each strain, following which bacteria colonies were irradiated with 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 55, or energy densities—just once. Specimens were incubated at 35° C for 24 h. Then, digital images obtained were quantified to obtain colony counts and the aggregate area occupied by bacteria colonies. Results: Each wavelength produced a statistically significant dose‐dependent reduction in both the number and the aggregate area of colonies formed by each bacteria strain (P<0.001). Maximum eradication of the US‐300 (92.1%) and the IS‐853 colonies (93.5%) was achieved within 10 minutes of irradiation with each wavelength. The longer the irradiation the more bacteria were eradicated. However, the effect was non‐linear as increases of energy densities between 1.0 and resulted in more bacteria death than similar increases between and Conclusion: At low doses, blue light photo‐destroys HA‐MRSA and CA‐MRSA in vitro; raising the prospect that phototherapy may be an effective clinical tool in the on‐going effort to stem MRSA infections.
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