- Conference date: 24–29 July 2011
- Location: Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
Nuclear collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) occur at energies that enable the creation of a new state of matter, called the quark-gluon plasma, with an energy density similar to that achieved in the early universe shortly after the Big Bang. The medium generated in such collisions exhibits collective behavior characteristic of a strongly coupled, near-inviscid fluid, which undergoes a rapid three-dimensional expansion. I will present a review of the most striking observations made with heavy ion collisions at RHIC and LHC. The new data from RHIC and the LHC explore the evolution of the quark-gluon plasma state over two orders of magnitude in collision energy, allowing significant tests of phenomenological models that have successfully described earlier data.
- Relativistic heavy ion collisions
- Plasma collisions
- Large Hadron Collider
- Quark gluon plasma
- Big Bang theory
Daniel Baumann, Mark G. Jackson, Peter Adshead, Alexandre Amblard, Amjad Ashoorioon, Nicola Bartolo, Rachel Bean, Maria Beltrán, Francesco de Bernardis, Simeon Bird, Xingang Chen, Daniel J. H. Chung, Loris Colombo, Asantha Cooray, Paolo Creminelli, Scott Dodelson, Joanna Dunkley, Cora Dvorkin, Richard Easther, Fabio Finelli, Raphael Flauger, Mark P. Hertzberg, Katherine Jones‐Smith, Shamit Kachru, Kenji Kadota, Justin Khoury, William H. Kinney, Eiichiro Komatsu, Lawrence M. Krauss, Julien Lesgourgues, Andrew Liddle, Michele Liguori, Eugene Lim, Andrei Linde, Sabino Matarrese, Harsh Mathur, Liam McAllister, Alessandro Melchiorri, Alberto Nicolis, Luca Pagano, Hiranya V. Peiris, Marco Peloso, Levon Pogosian, Elena Pierpaoli, Antonio Riotto, Uroš Seljak, Leonardo Senatore, Sarah Shandera, Eva Silverstein, Tristan Smith, Pascal Vaudrevange, Licia Verde, Ben Wandelt, David Wands, Scott Watson, Mark Wyman, Amit Yadav, Wessel Valkenburg and Matias Zaldarriaga
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