Laser cooling of cesium atoms below 3 microkelvins
- Conference date: 31 Jul − 3 Aug 1990
- Location: Ann Arbor, Michigan (USA)
We have measured the temperature of cesium atoms released from optical molasses. For a wide range of laser intensity and detuning from resonance, the temperature depends only on the intensity to detuning ratio. The lowest temperature achieved is 2.5±0.6 μK, which corresponds to an rms velocity of 12.5 mm/s or 3.6 times the single‐photon recoil velocity. This is, to our knowledge, the coldest kinetic temperature ever measured for three dimensional (3D) cooling. We then discuss the possibility of using such a cold sample of atoms for realizing a high performance atomic clock in a fountain geometry. In particular, a method for launching the atoms upwards, while maintaining the very cold temperature, is demonstrated.
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