- Conference date: 10–13 June 2012
- Location: Heidelberg, Germany
Endoscopic ultrasonography guided focused ultrasound surgery (EUS-FUS) have been developed as a less-invasive treatment for pancreatic cancer. In the present study, microbubble-enhanced heating for various parameters in EUS-FUS is investigated numerically. Mass and momentum equations for bubbly mixture are solved to reproduce the propagation of ultrasound of 4.8MHz through the gel containing microbubbles as Sonazoid®. The dynamics of bubble is governed by the equation which considers the elasticity of both shell and surrounding media. Additionally, the heat equation with the time averaged heat source is solved to obtain a temperature distribution. The basic equations are discretized by the 6th-order finite difference method and developed based on FDTD method. The mixture and bubbles are coupled by Euler-Lagrange method. As the results, the temperature around the target increased due to the microbubble oscillation with increasing the initial void fraction fG0 from 10−5 to 10−4%. However, at fG0=10−3%, ultrasounds were too attenuated to heat the target. The heating region moved from the target to the transducer side. By comparing the results with and without shell, the shell of bubble induced the heating around focus. This is because the decrease of the attenuation due to the elasticity of the shell and the increase of the viscous dissipation rate due to the viscosity of the shell.
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