- Conference date: 19–21 November 2012
- Location: Colmar Tropicale, Bukit Tinggi, Pahang, Malaysia
Nano-size polycrystalline was synthesized via co-precipitation (LSMO-CP) and sol-gel (LSMO-SG) method. X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique revealed that all the samples were trigonal crystal structure with space group of R-3c. Rietveld refinement analysis showed that elongation of c-axis and smaller a-b plane was observed in SG sample as compared with CP sample. Micrograph shows that all samples having grain size smaller than 1 μm. Higher coercivity and lower saturation magnetization were observed for SG sample which has smaller (∼100 nm) and narrower particle size distribution as compared to CP sample. This variation was believed to be due to the dead layer and domain effect. All prepared nano-size manganites are non-single domain particles and non-superparamagnetic (ferromagnetic) behavior.
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