Full text loading...
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
Low-frequency amphibious hearing in pinnipeds: Methods, measurements, noise, and ecology
1.Awbrey, F. T. , Thomas, J. A. , and Kastelein, R. A. (1988). “Low-frequency underwater hearing sensitivity in belugas, Delphinapterus leucas,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 84, 2273–2275.
2.Babushina, Ye. S. (1979). “Localization by the dolphin of the source of tonal and pulse signals in water and in air,” Vestr. Leningr. Univ. 3, 119–121.
3.Babushina, Ye. S., Zaslavskii, G. L., and Yurkevich, L. I. (1991). “Air and underwater hearing characteristics of the northern fur seal: Audiograms, frequency and differential thresholds,” Biophysics 36, 909–913.
4.Bartholomew, G. A. , and Collias, N. E. (1962). “The role of vocalization in the social behavior of the northern elephant seal,” Animal Beh. 10, 7–14.
5.Carey, W. M. (1995). “Standard definitions for sound levels in the ocean,” IEEE J. Ocean Eng. 20, 109–113.
6.Castellini, M. A. , Milsom, W. K. , Berger, R. J. , Costa, D. P. , Jones, D. R. , Castellini, J. M. , Rea, L. D. , Bharma, S. , and Harris, M. (1994). “Patterns of respiration and heart rate during wakefulness and sleep in elephant seal pups,” Am. J. Physiol. 266, R863–R869.
7.Cornsweet, T. N. (1962). “The staircase method in psychophysics,” Am. J. Psychol. 75, 485–491.
8.Dixon, W. J. , and Mood, A. M. (1948). “A method for obtaining and analyzing sensitivity data,” J. Am. Stat. Assoc. 43, 109–126.
9.Evans, W. E., and Haugen, R. M. (1963). “An experimental study of the echolocation ability of a California sea lion, Zalophus californianus (Lesson),” Bull. Southern California Acad. Sci. 62, 165–175.
10.Fahy, F. J. (1989). Sound Intensity (Elsevier, London).
11.Fay, R. R. (1988). Hearing in Vertebrates: A Psychophysics Databook (Hill-Fay, Winnetka).
12.Finney, D. J. (1971). Probit Analysis (Cambridge U.P., Cambridge, England), 3rd ed.
13.Fletcher, S. , LeBoeuf, B. J. , Costa, D. P. , Tyack, P. L. , and Blackwell, S. B. (1996). “Onboard acoustic recording from diving northern elephant seals,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 100, 2531–2539.
14.Gisiner, R. , and Schusterman, R. J. (1991). “California sea lion pups play an active role in reunions with their mothers,” Animal Beh. 41, 364–366.
15.Hanggi, E. B. , and Schusterman, R. J. (1994). “Underwater acoustic displays and individual variation in male harbour seals, Phoca vitulina,” Animal Beh. 48, 1275–1283.
16.Harris, G. G. , and van Bergeijk, W. A. (1962). “Evidence that the lateral-line organ responds to near-field displacements of sound sources in water,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 34, 1831–1841.
17.Hetherington, T. E. , and Lombard, R. E. (1982). “Biophysics of underwater hearing in anuran amphibians,” J. Exp. Biol. 98, 49–66.
18.Hollien, H. , and Brandt, J. F. (1969). “Effect of air bubbles in the external auditory meatus on underwater hearing thresholds,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 46, 384–387.
19.Hudspeth, A. J. (1989). “How the ear’s works work,” Nature (London) 341, 397–404.
20.Hyvaarinen, H. (1989). “Diving in darkness: whiskers as sense organs of the ringed seal (Phoca hispida saimensis),” J. Zool. London 218, 663–678.
21.Johnson, C. S. (1967). “Sound detection thresholds in marine mammals,” in Marine Bioacoustics, edited by W. N. Tavolga (Pergamon, Oxford), Vol. 2, pp. 247–260.
22.Johnson, C. S. , McManus, M. W. , and Skaar, D. (1989). “Masked tonal hearing thresholds in the beluga whale,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 85, 2651–2654.
23.Kalmijn, A. J. (1989). “Functional evolution of lateral line and inner ear sensory systems,” in The Mechanosensory Lateral Line: Neurobiology and Evolution, edited by S. Coombs, P. Goerner, and H. Muenz (Springer-Verlag, New York), pp. 187–216.
24.King, J. E. (1983). Seals of the World (British Museum of Natural History, London), 2nd ed.
25.Kirkland, P. C., Pence, E. A., Dobie, R. A., and Yantis, P. A. (1989). “Underwater noise and the conservation of divers’ hearing: A review,” Technical report APL-UW TR8930, University of Washington.
26.LeBoeuf, B. J. , Costa, D. P. , Huntley, A. C. , and Feldkamp, S. D. (1988). “Continuous, deep diving in female northern elephant seals, Mirounga angustirostris,” Can. J. Zool. 66, 446–458.
27.LeBoeuf, B. J. , Naito, Y. , Huntley, A. C. , and Asaga, T. (1989). “Prolonged, continuous, deep diving by northern elephant seals,” Can. J. Zool. 67, 2514–2519.
28.Lipatov, N. V. (1992). “Underwater hearing in seals: the role of the outer ear,” in Marine Mammal Sensory Systems, edited by J. A. Thomas, R. A. Kastelein, and A. Ya. Supin (Plenum, New York), pp. 249–256.
29.Lombard, R. E. , Fay, R. R. , and Werner, Y. L. (1981). “Underwater hearing in the frog, Rana catesbeiana,” J. Exp. Biol. 91, 57–71.
30.Lombard, R. E., and Hetherington, T. E. (1993). “Structural Basis of Hearing and Sound Transmission,” in The Skull, Vol. 3. Functional And Evolutionary Mechanisms, edited by J. Hanken and B. K. Hall (University of Chicago Press, Chicago), pp. 241–302.
31.Mo/hl, B. (1967). “Seal ears,” Science 157, 99.
32.Mo/hl, B. (1968a). “Auditory sensitivity of the common seal in air and water,” J. Aud. Res. 8, 27–38.
33.Mo/hl, B. (1968b). “Hearing in seals,” in The Behavior and Physiology of Pinnipeds, edited by R. J. Harrison, R. C. Hubbard, R. S. Peterson, C. E. Rice, and R. J. Schusterman (Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York), pp. 172–195.
34.Mo/hl, B., and Ronald, K. (1975). “The peripheral auditory system of the harp seal, Pagophilus groenlandicus (Erxleben 1777),” Rapp. P.-v. Reun. Cons. Int. Explor. Mer. 169, 516–523.
35.Moore, P. W. B., and Schusterman, R. J. (1987). “Audiometric assessment of northern fur seals Callorhinus ursinus,” Mar. Mammal Sci. 3, 31–53.
36.Odend’hal, S. , and Poulter, T. C. (1966). “Pressure regulation in the middle ear cavity of sea lions: A possible mechanism,” Science 153, 768–769.
37.Parvulescu, A. (1964). “Problems of propagation and processing,” in Marine Bio-acoustics, edited by W. N. Tavolga (Pergamon, New York), pp. 87–100.
38.Peterson, R. S. , and Bartholomew, G. A. (1969). “Airborne vocal communication in the California sea lion,” Animal Beh. 17, 17–24.
39.Popper, A. N. , and Fay, R. R. (1973). “Sound detection and processing by teleost fishes: A critical review,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 53, 1515–1529.
40.Popper, A. N., and Fay, R. R. (1993). “Sound detection and processing by fish: critical review and major research questions,” Brain Beh. Evolution 41, 14–38.
41.Poulter, T. C. (1963). “Sonar signals of the sea lion,” Science 139, 753–755.
42.Poulter, T. C. (1968). “Underwater vocalization and behavior of pinnipeds,” in The Behavior and Physiology of Pinnipeds, edited by R. J. Harrison, R. C. Hubbard, R. S. Peterson, C. E. Rice, and R. J. Schusterman (Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York), pp. 69–84.
43.Ramprashad, F. (1975). “Aquatic adaptations in the ear of the harp seal Pagophilus groenlandicus (Erxleben, 1777),” Rapp. P.-v. Reun. Cons. Int. Explor. Mer. 169, 102–111.
44.Ramprashad, F., Corey, S., and Ronald, K. (1972). “Anatomy of the seal’s ear (Pagophilus groenlandicus) (Erxleben, 1777),” in Functional Anatomy of Marine Mammals, edited by R. J. Harrison (Academic, London), Vol. 1, pp. 264–305.
45.Renouf, D. (1979). “Preliminary measurements of the sensitivity of the vibrissae of harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) to low frequency vibrations,” J. Zool., London 188, 443–450.
46.Renouf, D. (1980). “Fishing in captive harbor seals (Phoca vitulina concolor): a possible role for the vibrissae,” Netherlands J. Zool. 30, 504–509.
47.Renouf, D. , and Davis, M. B. (1982). “Evidence that seals use echolocation,” Nature (London) 300, 635–637.
48.Repenning, C. A. (1972). “Underwater hearing in seals: functional morphology,” in Functional Anatomy of Marine Mammals, edited by R. J. Harrison (Academic, London), Vol. 1, pp. 307–331.
49.Richardson, W. J., Greene, Jr., C. R., Malme, C. I., and Thomson, D. H. (1995). Marine Mammals and Noise (Academic, San Diego).
50.Ridgway, S. , Carder, D. , Smith, R. , Kamolnick, T. , and Elsberry, W. (1997). “First audiogram for marine mammals in the open ocean and at depth: Hearing and whistling by two white whales down to 30 atmospheres,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 101, 3136(A).
51.Rogers, P. H., and Cox, M. (1988). “Underwater sound as a biological stimulus,” in Sensory Biology of Aquatic Animals, edited by J. Atema, R. R. Fay, A. N. Popper, and W. N. Tavolga (Springer-Verlag, New York), pp. 131–149.
52.Schusterman, R. J. (1967). “Perception and determinants of underwater vocalization in the California sea lion,” in Les Systèmes Sonars Animaux, Biologie et Bionique, edited by R. G. Busnel (Jouy-en-Josas, France, Laboratoire de Physiologie Acoustique), pp. 535–617.
53.Schusterman, R. J. (1974). “Auditory sensitivity of a California sea lion to airborne sound,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 56, 1248–1251.
54.Schusterman, R. J. (1978). “Vocal communication in pinnipeds,” in Behavior of Captive Wild Animals, edited by H. Markowitz and V. J. Stevens (Nelson-Hall, Chicago), pp. 247–308.
55.Schusterman, R. J. (1981). “Behavioral capabilities of seals and sea lions: a review of their hearing, visual, learning and diving skills,” Psychol. Record 31, 125–143.
56.Schusterman, R. J., Balliet, R. F., and Nixon, J. (1972). “Underwater audiogram of the California sea lion by the conditioned vocalization technique,” J. Exp. Anal. Beh. 17, 339–350.
57.Schusterman, R. J., Hanggi, E. B., and Gisiner, R. (1992). “Acoustic signaling in mother-pup reunions, interspecies bonding, and affiliation by kinship in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus),” in Marine Mammal Sensory Systems, edited by J. A. Thomas, R. A. Kastelein, and A. Ya. Supin (Plenum, New York), pp. 533–551.
58.Schusterman, R. J., and Kastak, D. (1996). Pinniped acoustics: habituation and sensitization to anthropogenic signals,” 33rd Annual Meeting of the Animal Behavior Society, Flagstaff, Az.
59.Shipley, C., Stewart, B. S., and Bass, J. (1992). “Seismic communication in northern elephant seals,” in Marine Mammal Sensory Systems, edited by J. A. Thomas, R. A. Kastelein, and A. Ya. Supin (Plenum, New York), pp. 553–562.
60.Siler, W. (1969). “Near- and farfields in a marine environment,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 46, 483–484.
61.Stebbins, W. C. (1970). “Principles of animal psychophysics,” in Animal Psychophysics: The Design and Conduct of Sensory Experiments, edited by W. C. Stebbins (Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York), pp. 1–19.
62.Terhune, J. M. (1989). “Can seals alter the acoustical impedance of the outer and middle ears?” in Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Acoustical Association, edited by A. J. Cohen, Halifax, Nova Scotia.
63.Terhune, J. M. (1991). “Masked and unmasked pure tone thresholds of a harbor seal listening in air,” Can. J. Zool. 69, 2059–2066.
64.Terhune, J. M. , and Ronald, K. (1971). “The harp seal, Pagophilus groenlandicus (Erxleben, 1777). X. The air audiogram,” Can. J. Zool. 49, 285–290.
65.Terhune, J. M. , and Ronald, K. (1972). “The harp seal, Pagophilus groenlandicus (Erxleben, 1777). III. The underwater audiogram,” Can. J. Zool. 50, 565–569.
66.Terhune, J. M. , and Ronald, K. (1973). “Some hooded seal (Cystophora cristata) sounds in March,” Can. J. Zool. 51, 319–321.
67.Terhune, J. M. , and Ronald, K. (1975). “Underwater hearing sensitivity of two ring seals (Pusa hispida),” Can. J. Zool. 53, 227–231.
68.Turl, C. W. (1993). “Low-frequency sound detection by a bottlenose dolphin,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 94, 3006–3008.
69.Turnbull, S. D. , and Terhune, J. M. (1990). “White noise and pure tone masking of pure tone thresholds of a harbor seal listening in air and underwater,” Can. J. Zool. 68, 2090–2097.
70.Urick, R. J. (1986). Ambient Noise in the Sea (Peninsula, Los Altos).
71.Urick, R. J. (1983). Principles of Underwater Sound (McGraw-Hill, New York), 3rd ed.
72.Voss, S. E. , Rosowski, J. J. , and Peake, W. T. (1996). “Is the pressure difference between the oval and round window the effective acoustic stimulus for the cochlea?,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 100, 1602–1616.
73.Wainwright, W. N. (1958). “Comparison of hearing thresholds in air and underwater,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 30, 1025–1029.
74.Wartzok, D. , Schusterman, R. J. , and Gailey-Phipps, J. (1984). “Seal echolocation?,” Nature (London) 308, 753.
75.Watkins, W. A., and Wartzok, D. (1985). “Sensory biophysics of marine mammals,” Mar. Mammal Sci. 1, 219–260.
76.Yochem (personal communication).
Article metrics loading...