Index of content:
Volume 104, Issue 6, December 1998
- ACOUSTICAL MEASUREMENTS AND INSTRUMENTATION 
Ultrasonic tomographic imaging of temperature and flow fields in gases using air-coupled capacitance transducers104(1998); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.423928View Description Hide Description
A pair of air-coupled ultrasoniccapacitancetransducers with polished metal backplates have been used to image temperature and flow fields in gases using ultrasonic tomography. Using a filtered back-projection algorithm and a difference technique, cross-sectional images of spatially variant changes in ultrasonic attenuation and slowness caused by the presence of temperature and flow fields were reconstructed. Temperature fields were produced in air by a commercial soldering iron, and the subsequent images of slowness variations used to reconstruct the air temperature at various heights above the iron. When compared to measurements made with a thermocouple, the tomographically reconstructed temperatures were found to be accurate to within 5%. The technique was also able to resolve multiple heat sources within the scan area. Attenuation and velocity images were likewise produced for flow fields created by an air-jet from a 1-mm-diam nozzle, at both 90 and 45 degrees to the scanning plane. The fact that temperature and flow fields can be measured in a gas without the need to insert any measuring devices into the image region is an advantage that may have many useful applications.