Index of content:
Volume 105, Issue 3, March 1999
- ULTRASONICS, QUANTUM ACOUSTICS, AND PHYSICAL EFFECTS OF SOUND 
105(1999); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.426703View Description Hide Description
A technique is described in which laser-generated shear waves can be used to measure the viscosity of liquids. The technique involves measuring the shear wavereflection coefficient at a solid–liquid interface. To accommodate this procedure, a wedge was designed to launch laser-generated shear waves into the material at nearly normal incidence to the solid–liquid interface. The reflected laser-generated shear waves are detected at a second interface with a laser interferometer. The angle of incidence at this second interface is at an angle greater than the critical angle. The purpose of this arrangement is to maximize the out-of-plane displacement at this second interface so that detection with the interferometer can be more easily accomplished. Calculations that support the design of the wedge and experiment are outlined and experimental results are presented and discussed. This technique would be most applicable in those situations in which conventional techniques are not suitable, such as those involving high temperature and hostile environments.
Ultrasonic in-situ determination of the regression rate of the melting interface in burning metal rods105(1999); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.426741View Description Hide Description
Results of tests in which metallic rods are burned in oxygen enriched atmospheres often include the determination of the regression rate of the melting interface for the burning test specimen. This regression rate is used as an indication of a metallic material’s relative flammability and its general ability to sustain burning under the test conditions. This paper reports on the development and first application of an ultrasonic measurement system that enables in situ measurement of the regression rate of the melting interface in burning metal rods. All other methods currently used for determining this parameter are based on posttest, visual interrogation, which is costly and often inaccurate. The transducer and associated equipment used to drive and record the transducer’s output signal are described and typical results for iron rods burning in pure oxygen at different gauge pressures are given along with a comparison of these results with regression rates obtained from visual interrogation. The excellent sensitivity, accuracy and reliability of the new ultrasonic transducer are demonstrated, thus indicating the transducer’s great potential.