Index of content:
Volume 106, Issue 1, July 1999
- ARCHITECTURAL ACOUSTICS 
106(1999); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.427052View Description Hide Description
The sound absorption of stretched ceilings consisting of an impervious PVC membrane is investigated. A theoretical model is used to predict the random incidence sound absorption, and results are compared with the results of an experimental setup in a reverberation chamber. The sound absorption coefficient is estimated using a general model for the acoustic transmission and absorption of a multi-layered structure. Measurements have been performed for several cavity depths, and for two different sound absorbing materials in the cavity. Both theory and experiment showed that the combination of the impervious foil and the cavity behaves as a resonant system. The sound absorption varies strongly with frequency and is highly dependent on the characteristics and the position of the sound absorbing material in the cavity.
106(1999); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.427053View Description Hide Description
Some linear time-varying (LTV) components used to control feedback in soundsystems were tested experimentally in real-time simulators and rooms with and without external reverberation. Gain before instability (GBI) was measured in single channels employing frequency shifting (FS), phase modulation (PM), and delay modulation (DM) implemented on a digital signal processor. FS performed according to the established theory. For PM GBI increased almost monotonically with modulation index β, except for cases with large loop gain irregularities which displayed a reduced GBI for values of β that corresponded to low carrier suppression. Also, GBI was practically independent of the modulation frequency already from 0.5 Hz even when this was much lower than the correlation distance of the loop gain transfer function. Rooms with different reverberation times gave different initial (time-invariant) GBI values but these differences decreased by the use of modulation. The GBI increase was larger for cases with external reverberation than for cases without due to increased loop gain irregularity, and the GBI results depended on Since the possible GBI increase is determined by the initial GBI, LTV system performance should be measured in terms of GBI and not GBI increase alone. Robustness increased by equalizing the loop gain before employing LTV components. DM gave little protection for low frequencies but was efficient at high frequencies.