Volume 106, Issue 4, October 1999
Index of content:
- NOISE: ITS EFFECTS AND CONTROL 
106(1999); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.427930View Description Hide Description
Theoretical exploration is undertaken for passive noise control by flush-mounted panels in an otherwise rigid duct. For a plane sound wave traveling in the flexible segment, the wall compliance renders a wave speed less than the isentropic speed of sound in air.Scattering and reflection occur at the upstream edge of the panel while the energy flux of the transmitted wave is partitioned between the wall flexural waves and the sound in air. For a lossless panel these waves are scattered and reflected again by the downstream edge forming standing waves responsible for the undesirable passbands. For panels with substantial structural damping, however, both flexural and sound waves diminish with distance, eliminating the passbands. It is estimated that the wave dissipation by panel materials like rubber could outperform typical fibrous duct lining. The combination of wave reflection, dissipation, and slowing down allows broadband, low-frequency noise reduction over a short distance.