Full text loading...
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
Recognizing transient low-frequency whale sounds by spectrogram correlation
1.Altes, R. A. (1980). “Detection, estimation, and classification with spectrograms,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 67, 1232–1246.
2.Bradbury, J. W., and Vehrencamp, S. L. (1998). Principles of Animal Communication (Sinauer, Sunderland, MA).
3.Buck, J. R. , and Tyack, P. L. (1993). “A quantitative measure of similarity for Tursiops truncatus signature whistles,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 94, 2497–2506.
4.Chabot, D. (1984). “Sound production of the humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae, Borowski) in Newfoundland waters,” Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s.
5.Chabot, D. (1988). “A quantitative technique to compare and classify humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) sounds,” Ethology 77, 89–102.
6.Charif, R. A., Mitchell, S. G., and Clark, C. W. (1995). CANARY 1.2 User’s Manual (Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY).
7.Clark, C. W. (1981). “Acoustic Communication and Behavior of the Southern Right Whale,” Ph.D. thesis, State University of New York at Stony Brook.
8.Clark, C. W. (1982). “The acoustic repertoire of the southern right whale, a quantitative analysis,” Anim. Behav. 30, 1060–1071.
9.Clark, C. W. (1983). “Acoustic communication and behavior of the Southern Right Whale (Eubalaena australis),” in Communication and Behavior of Whales, edited by R. Payne (Westview, Boulder), pp. 163–198.
10.Clark, C. W. (1989). “Call tracks of bowhead whales based on call characteristics as an independent means of determining tracking parameters,” Rep. Intl. Whal. Commn. 39, 111–112.
11.Clark, C. W. (1990). “Acoustic behavior of mysticete whales,” in Sensory Abilities of Cetaceans, edited by J. A. Thomas and R. A. Kastelein (Plenum, New York), pp. 571–583.
12.Clark, C. W. (1991). Ocean Voices of the Alaskan Arctic [audio cassette] (Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY).
13.Clark, C. W. , and Ellison, W. T. (1989). “Numbers and distributions of bowhead whales, Balaena mysticetus, based on the 1986 acoustic study off Pt. Barrow, Alaska,” Rep. Intl. Whal. Commn. 39, 297–303.
14.Clark, C. W., and Ellison, W. T. (2000). “Calibration and comparison of the acoustic location methods used during the spring migration of the bowhead whale, Balaena mysticetus, off Pt. Barrow, Alaska, 1984–1993,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 107, 3509–3517.
15.Clark, C. W. , and Fristrup, K. M. (1996). “Whales ’95: A combined visual and acoustic survey of blue and fin whales off Southern California,” Rep. Intl. Whal. Commn. 47, 583–600.
16.Clark, C. W. , and Johnson, J. H. (1984). “The sounds of the bowhead whale, Balaena mysticetus, during the spring migrations of 1979 and 1980,” Can. J. Zool. 62, 1436–1441.
17.Clark, C. W. , and Mellinger, D. K. (1994). “Application of Navy IUSS for whale research,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 96, 3315(A).
18.Clark, C. W., Ellison, W. T., and Beeman, K. (1986). “Acoustic tracking of migrating bowhead whales,” Proc. IEEE Oceans ’86, pp. 341–346 (IEEE, New York).
19.Clark, C. W. , Marler, P. , and Beeman, K. (1987). “Quantitative analysis of animal vocal phonology: An application to swamp sparrow song,” Ethology 76, 101–115.
20.Clark, C. W. , Bower, J. B. , and Ellison, W. T. (1991). “Acoustic tracks of migrating bowhead whales, Balaena mysticetus, off Point Barrow, Alaska based on vocal characteristics,” Rep. Intl. Whal. Commn. 40, 596–597.
21.Clark, C. W. , Mitchell, S. G. , and Charif, R. A. (1996). “Distribution and behavior of the bowhead whale, Balaena mysticetus, based on preliminary analysis of acoustic data collected during the 1993 spring migration off Point Barrow, Alaska,” Rep. Intl. Whal. Commn. 46, 541–554.
22.Clark, C. W., Tyack, P. L., and Ellison, W. T. (1998). Quicklook, Low-Frequency Sound Scientific Research Program. Phase I: Responses of blue and fin whales to SURTASS LFA, Southern California Bight, 5 September–21 October 1997.
23.Cummings, W. C. , and Thompson, P. O. (1971). “Underwater sounds from the blue whale, Balaenoptera musculus,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 50, 1193–1198.
24.deCharms, R. C. , Blake, D. T. , and Merzenich, M. M. (1998). “Optimizing sound features for cortical neurons,” Science 280, 1439–1443.
25.Edds, P. L. (1982). “Vocalizations of the blue whale, Balaenoptera physalus, in the St. Lawrence River,” J. Mammal. 63, 345–347.
26.Engineering Design. (1997). SIGNAL/RTS (Engineering Design, Belmont, MA).
27.Frankel, A. S. , Clark, C. W. , Herman, L. M. , and Gabriele, C. M. (1995). “Spatial distribution, habitat utilization, and social interactions of humpback whales, Magaptera novaeangliae, off Hawai’i, determined using acoustic and visual techniques,” Can. J. Zool. 73, 1134–1146.
28.Fristrup, K. M. (1992). “Characterizing acoustic features of marine animal sounds,” Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, WHOI-92-04, Woods Hole, MA.
29.Fristrup, K. M., and Watkins, W. A. (1994). “Marine animal sound classification,” Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, WHOI-94-13, Woods Hole, MA.
30.Gaetz, W., Jantzen, K., Weinberg, H., Spong, P., and Symonds, H. (1993). “A neural network mechanism for recognition of individual Orcinus orca based on their acoustic bahavior: Phase 1,” Proc. IEEE Oceans ’93, Vol. I, pp. 455–457 (IEEE, New York).
31.Ghosh, J. , Deuser, L. M. , and Beck, S. D. (1992). “A neural network-based hybrid system for detection, characterization, and classification of short-duration oceanic signals,” IEEE J. Ocean Eng. 17, 351–363.
32.Goedeking, P. (1983). “A minicomputer-aided method for the detection of features from vocalizations of the cotton-top tamarin (Saguinus oedipus oedipus),” Z. Tierpsychol. 62, 321–328.
33.Graber, R. R. (1968). “Nocturnal migration in Illinois: Different points of view,” Wilson Bull. 80, 36–71.
34.Griffin, D. R. (1964). Bird Migration (Natural History, Garden City, NY), pp. 11–13.
35.Hebb, D. O. (1949). The Organization of Behavior (Wiley, New York).
36.Herman, L. M., and Tavolga, W. N. (1980). “The communication systems of cetaceans,” in Cetacean Behavior: Mechanism and Function, edited by L. M. Herman (Wiley, New York), pp. 149–209.
37.Hubel, D. H. , and Wiesel, T. N. (1962). “Receptive fields, binocular interaction, and functional architecture in the cat’s visual cortex,” J. Physiol. (London) 160, 106–154.
38.Hubel, D. H. , and Wiesel, T. N. (1977). “Functional architecture of macaque monkey visual cortex,” Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. B 198, 1–59.
39.Jain, A. K., and Dubes, R. C. (1988). Algorithms for Clustering Data (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ).
40.Kay, R. H. , and Matthews, D. R. (1972). “On the existence in human auditory pathways of channels selectively tuned to the modulation present in frequency-modulated tones,” J. Physiol. (London) 225, 657–677.
41.Larkin, R. P. (1978). “Radar observations of behavior of migrating birds in response to sounds broadcast from the ground,” in Animal Migration, Navigation, and Homing, edited by K. Schmidt-Koenig and W. T. Keaton (Springer, New York).
42.Leaper, R. , Chappell, O. , and Gordon, J. (1992). “The development of practical techniques for surveying sperm whale populations acoustically,” Rep. Intl. Whal. Commn. 42, 549–560.
43.Lee, K.-F. , Hon, H.-W. , and Reddy, R. (1990). “An overview of the Sphinx speech-recognition system,” IEEE Trans. Acoust., Speech, Signal Process. 38, 35–45.
44.Lippman, R. C. (1989). “Review of neural networks for speech recognition,” Neural Comput. 1, 1–38.
45.McDonald, M. A. , Hildebrand, J. A. , and Webb, S. C. (1995). “Blue and fin whales observed on a seafloor array in the Northeast Pacific,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 98, 712–721.
46.Mellinger, D. K. (1993). “Handling time variability in bioacoustic transient detection,” Proc. IEEE Oceans ’93, pp. 116–121 (IEEE, New York).
47.Mellinger, D. K. (1995). OSPREY 1.2 Guide, Technical report (Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY).
48.Mellinger, D. K., and Clark, C. W. (1993). “A method for filtering bioacoustic transients by spectrogram image convolution,” Proc. IEEE Oceans ’93, pp. 122–127 (IEEE, New York).
49.Mendelson, J. R. and Cynader, M. S. (1985). “Sensitivity of cat auditory primary cortex (AI) neurons to the direction and rate of frequency modulation,” Brain Res. 327, 331–335.
50.Mo/ller, A. R. (1977). “Coding of time-varying sounds in the cochlear nucleus,” Audiology 17, 446–468.
51.Moody, D. B., and Stebbins, W. C. (1989). “Salience of frequency modulation in primate communication,” in The Comparative Psychology of Audition: Perceiving Complex Sounds, edited by R. J. Dooling and S. H. Hulse (Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ).
52.Moore, P. W. B. , Roitblat, H. L. , Penner, R. H. , and Nachtigall, P. E. (1991). “Recognizing successive dolphin echoes with an integrator gateway network,” Neural Networks 4, 701–709.
53.Moore, S. E. , Stafford, K. M. , Dahlheim, M. E. , Fox, C. G. , Braham, H. W. , and Polovina, J. J. (1998). “Seasonal variation in reception of fin whale calls at five geographic areas in the North Pacific,” Mar. Mammal Sci. 14, 617–627.
54.Newman, J. D. , Lieblich, A. K. , Talmage-Riggs, G. , and Symmes, D. (1978). “Syllable classification and sequencing in twitter calls of squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus),” Z. Tierpsychol. 47, 77–88.
55.Nyamsi, R. G. M. , Aubin, T. , and Bremond, J. C. (1994). “On the extraction of some time-dependent parameters of an acoustic signal by means of the analytic signal concept: its application to animal sound study,” Bioacoustics 5, 187–203.
56.Oppenheim, A. V., and Schafer, R. W. (1975). Digital Signal Processing (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ).
57.Patrick, P. H. , Ramani, N. , Sheehan, R. W. , and Hanson, W. (1994). “Listening to and identifying wildlife using computers,” Global Biodiversity 3(3), 12–16.
58.Payne, R. S. , and Payne, K. B. (1971). “Underwater sounds of southern right whales,” Zoologica 58, 159–165.
59.Payne, K., Tyack, P., and Payne, R. (1983). “Progressive changes in the songs of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae): A detailed analysis of two seasons in Hawaii,” in Communication and Behavior of Whales, edited by R. S. Payne (Westview, Boulder), pp. 9–57.
60.Payne, R. S. , and McVay, S. (1971). “Songs of humpback whales,” Science 173, 587–597.
61.Pinkowski, B. (1994). “Robust Fourier descriptors for charactrerizing amplitude-modulated waveform shapes,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 95, 3419–3423.
62.Potter, J. R. , Mellinger, D. K. , and Clark, C. W. (1994). “Marine mammal call discrimination using artificial neural networks,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 96, 1255–1262.
63.Rabiner, L. R., and Juang, B.-H. (1986). “An introduction to hidden Markov models,” IEEE ASSP Magazine, January 1986, Vol. 3, pp. 4–15.
64.Rabiner, L. R., and Juang, B.-H. (1993). Fundamentals of Speech Recognition (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ).
65.Raftery, A. E. , and Zeh, J. E. (1998). “Estimating bowhead whale population size and rate of increase from the 1993 census,” J. Am. Stat. Assoc. 93, 451–463.
66.Ramani, N. , and Patrick, P. H. (1992). “Fish detection and identification using neural networks,” IEEE J. Ocean Eng. 17, 364–368.
67.Rivers, J. A. (1997). “Blue whale, Balaenoptera musculus, vocalizations from the waters off central California,” Mar. Mammal Sci. 13, 186–195.
68.Rumelhart, D. E., McClelland, J. L., and the PDP Research Group (1987). Parallel Distributed Processing (MIT, Cambridge, MA).
69.Schevill, W. E. (1964). “Underwater sounds of cetaceans,” in Marine Bio-acoustics, edited by W. N. Tavolga (Pergamon, New York), pp. 307–316.
70.Schevill, W. E., and Watkins, W. A. (1962). “Whale and Porpoise Voices: A Phonograph Record,” Contribution #1320 from Woods Hole Oceanogr. Inst., Woods Hole.
71.Schevill, W. E., Watkins, W. A., and Backus, R. H. (1964). “The 20-cycle signals and Balaenoptera (fin whales),” in Marine Bio-acoustics, edited by W. N. Tavolga (Pergamon, New York), pp. 147–152.
72.Silber, G. K. (1986). “The relationship of social vocalizations to surface behavior and aggression in the Hawaiian humpback whale Megaptera novaeangliae,” Can. J. Zool. 64, 2075–2080.
73.Stafford, K. M. , Fox, C. G. , and Clark, D. S. (1998). “Long-range acoustic detection and localization of blue whale calls in the northeast Pacific Ocean,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 104, 3616–3625.
74.Stafford, K. M. , Nieukirk, S. L. , and Fox, C. G. (1999). “An acoustic link between blue whales in the eastern tropical Pacific and the northeast Pacific,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 15, 1258–1268.
75.Sturtivant, C. , and Datta, S. (1997). “Automatic dolphin whistle detection, extraction, encoding, and classification,” Proc. Inst. Acoust. 19(9), 259–266.
76.Taylor, A. (1995). “Bird flight call discrimination using machine learning,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 97, 3370(A).
77.Taylor, A., Watson, G., Grigg, G., and McCallum, H. (1996). “Monitoring frog communities: an application of machine learning,” in Innovative Applications Artificial Intelligence Conference (AAAI Press, Menlo Park, CA), pp. 1564–1569.
78.Terres, J. K. (1980). The Audubon Society Encyclopedia of North American Birds (Knopf, New York), pp. 604–605.
79.Thompson, P. O. , Findley, L. T. , Vidal, O. , and Cummings, W. C. (1996). “Underwater sounds of blue whales, Balaenoptera musculus, in the Gulf of California, Mexico,” Mar. Mammal Sci. 12, 288–293.
80.Thompson, T. J., Winn, H. E., and Perkins, P. J. (1979). “Mysticete sounds,” in Behavior of Marine Mammals: Current Perspectives in Research, edited by H. E. Winn and B. L. Olla (Plenum, New York), pp. 403–431.
81.van Trees, H. L. (1968). Detection, Estimation, and Modulation Theory (Wiley, New York), Vol. I.
82.Watkins, W. A. , and Schevill, W. E. (1972). “Sound source location by arrival-times on a non-rigid three-dimensional hydrophone array,” Deep-Sea Res. 19, 691–706.
83.Watkins, W. A. , Tyack, P. , Moore, K. E. , and Bird, J. E. (1987). “The 20-Hz signals of finback whales (Balaenoptera physalus),” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 82, 1901–1912.
84.Weisburn, B. A., Mitchell, S. G., Clark, C. W., and Parks, T. W. (1993). “Isolating biological acoustic transient signals,” Proc. IEEE Intl. Conf. Acoust., Speech, Sig. Process., Vol. 1, pp. 269–272 (IEEE, New York).
85.Whitehead, H. , and Weilgart, L. (1990). “Click rates from sperm whales,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 87, 1798–1806.
86.Whitfield, I. C. , and Evans, E. F. (1965). “Responses of auditory cortical neurons to stimuli of changing frequency,” J. Neurophysiol. 28, 655–672.
87.Wiley, R. H., and Richards, D. C. (1982). “Adaptations for acoustic communication in birds: Sound transmission and signal detection,” in Acoustic Communication in Birds, edited by D. E. Kroodsma and E. H. Miller (Academic, London), Vol. I, pp. 131–181.
88.Winn, H. E. , and Perkins, P. J. (1976). “Distribution and sounds of the minke whale, with a review of mysticete sounds,” Cetology 19, 1–12.
89.Würsig, B., and Clark, C. W. (1993). “Behavior,” in The Bowhead Whale, edited by J. J. Burns, J. J. Montague, and C. J. Cowles (Allen, Lawrence, KS), pp. 157–199.
90.Zeh, J. E., Clark, C. W., George, J. C., Withrow, D., Carroll, G. M., and Koski, W. R. (1993). “Current population size and dynamics,” in The Bowhead Whale, edited by J. J. Burns, J. J. Montague, and C. J. Cowles (Allen, Lawrence, KS), pp. 409–489.
Article metrics loading...