Volume 107, Issue 6, June 2000
Index of content:
- STRUCTURAL ACOUSTICS AND VIBRATION 
107(2000); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.429346View Description Hide Description
In complex structures, curvature and impedance discontinuities (e.g., junctions) couple bending and longitudinal waves. Propagation losses for longitudinal waves are often much less than losses for bending waves, and damping treatments often less effective on longitudinal waves. When the dissipation in longitudinal waves is less than that on bending waves, longitudinal waves can provide an efficient means of power flow between bending waves generated at one location and bending waves that are a source of acoustic radiation at another location. In order to design and locate effective treatments, knowledge of the power flow in longitudinal as well as bending waves is required. The measurement of power in both bending and longitudinal waves when both waves are present is demonstrated. Measurements conducted on a straight beam and a T-beam are compared to predictions obtained using finite element methods. The effect of coupling between waves at the junction in a T-beam is illustrated using results from measurements of power flow.
107(2000); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.429347View Description Hide Description
Acoustic compliant coatings are a common approach to mitigate the radiation and scattering of sound from fluid-loaded submerged structures. An acoustic compliant coating is a coating that decouples an acoustic source from the surrounding acoustic medium; that is, it provides an acoustic impedance mismatch (different density and speed of sound product). Such a coating is distinct from an ordinary compliant coating in that it may not be resilient in the sense of low stiffness, but still provides an acoustic impedance mismatch. Ideally, the acoustic coating is applied uniformly over the entire surface of the fluid-loaded structure to minimize the acoustic radiation and scattering. However, in certain instances, because of appendages, it may not be practically possible to completely cover the surface of a fluid-loaded structure to decouple it from the adjacent acoustic medium. Furthermore, there may be some inherent advantages to optimizing the distribution of the coating around areas from which the acoustic radiation appears to be dominant. This would be analogous to the application of damping treatment to a vibrating structure in areas where the vibration levels are highest. In the case of the acoustic radiation the problem is more complex because of the coupling between the acoustic fluid and the structure. In this paper, the influence of a partial coating on the acoustic radiation from a fluid-loaded, cylindrical shell of infinite extent and excited by either a line force or an incident plane acoustic wave is examined. The solution to the response and scattered pressure is developed following the procedure used by the authors in previous work on the scattering from fluid-loaded plates and shells. The coating is assumed to be normally reacting providing a decoupling layer between the acoustic medium and the structure; that is, it does not add mass or stiffness to the base structure. The influence of added mass or stiffness of the coating can be included as an added inhomogeneity and treated separately in the solution.
107(2000); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.429348View Description Hide Description
The acoustic scattering from a fluid-loaded stiffened cylindrical shell is described by using elasticity theory. The cylindrical shell is reinforced by a thin internal plate which is diametrically attached along the tube. In this model, cylindrical shell displacements and constraints expressed from elasticity theory are coupled to those of the plate at the junctions, where plate vibrations are described by using plate theory. The present model is first validated at low frequency range by comparison with a previous model based on the Timoshenko–Mindlin thin shell theory and by experimental results. Theoretical and experimental resonance spectra are then analyzed in a high frequency range Only resonances due to the wave are clearly observed in this frequency range, and their modes of propagation are identified. Furthermore, wave propagation is detected, because of the presence of the reflection of this wave at the shell-plate junctions.