Index of content:
Volume 109, Issue 1, January 2001
- ARCHITECTURAL ACOUSTICS 
Enhancing maximum measurable sound reduction index using sound intensity method and strong receiving room absorption109(2001); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1332377View Description Hide Description
The sound intensity method is usually recommended instead of the pressure method in the presence of strong flanking transmission. Especially when small and/or heavy specimens are tested, the flanking often causes problems in laboratories practicing only the pressure method. The purpose of this study was to determine experimentally the difference between the maximum sound reduction indices obtained by the intensity method, and by the pressure method, In addition, the influence of adding room absorption to the receiving room was studied. The experiments were carried out in an ordinary two-room test laboratory. The exact value of was estimated by applying a fitting equation to the measured data points. The fitting equation involved the dependence of the pressure-intensity indicator on measured acoustical parameters. In an empty receiving room, the difference between and was 4–15 dB, depending on frequency. When the average reverberation time was reduced from 3.5 to 0.6 s, the values of increased by 2–10 dB compared to the results in the empty room. Thus, it is possible to measure wall structures having 9–22 dB better sound reduction index using the intensity method than with the pressure method. This facilitates the measurements of small and/or heavy specimens in the presence of flanking. Moreover, when new laboratories are designed, the intensity method is an alternative to the pressure method which presupposes expensive isolation structures between the rooms.
109(2001); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1329617View Description Hide Description
Long enclosures are spaces with nondiffuse sound fields, for which the classical theory of acoustics is not appropriate. Thus, the modeling of the sound field in a long enclosure is very different from the prediction of the behavior of sound in a diffuse space. Ray-tracing computer models have been developed for the prediction of the sound field in long enclosures, with particular reference to spaces such as underground stations which are generally long spaces of rectangular or curved cross section. This paper describes the development of a model for use in underground stations of rectangular cross section. The model predicts the sound-pressure level, early decay time, clarity index, and definition at receiver points along the enclosure. The model also calculates the value of the speech transmission index at individual points. Measurements of all parameters have been made in a station of rectangular cross section, and compared with the predicted values. The predictions of all parameters show good agreement with measurements at all frequencies, particularly in the far field of the sound source, and the trends in the behavior of the parameters along the enclosure have been correctly predicted.