Index of content:
Volume 109, Issue 1, January 2001
- PHYSIOLOGICAL ACOUSTICS 
109(2001); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1326949View Description Hide Description
Scoring of click-evoked otoacoustic emissions (CEOAEs) is typically achieved by the evaluation of the reproducibility of the whole emission and/or within narrow bands. Screening outcomes are influenced not only by the specific combination of the subdivision scheme (i.e., the number, position, and bandwidth of the narrow bands) and the threshold used to determine pass and refer, but also by the accuracy with which the reproducibility is estimated. This study was designed to examine what factors affect the accuracy of the reproducibility estimate and how the accuracy of the reproducibility estimate together with the choice of the subdivision scheme/thresholds affect CEOAE scoring. Simulations with real CEOAEs corrupted with synthesized noise indicated that the reproducibility estimate is influenced by time-windowing and band-pass filtering: the longer the time-window or the broader the bandwidth of the filter, the more accurate the estimate. Quantitative figures on numerical scoring were given in terms of the referral rate and were derived from CEOAEs recorded in a clinical environment from more than 3400 newborns. The narrow bands were extracted according to 12 different subdivision schemes covering the 1.5–4-kHz range. The referral rate was found to depend on the subdivision scheme being used: (i) the worst results were obtained considering four narrow bands at 1.6–2.4–3.2–4 kHz; (ii) the best results were obtained considering two narrow bands at 2.25 and 3.75 kHz; (iii) bandwidths greater than 1 kHz resulted in the lowest referral rates. Also, scoring based on the extraction of four narrow bands produced the most unstable results, i.e., a small change in the threshold might cause even a great change in the referral rate.
109(2001); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1329623View Description Hide Description
In the region where a sinusoidal wave in the cochlea reaches its maximum amplitude, the long-wave (or one-dimensional) model of the cochlea is deficient. In this region a short-wave model is more appropriate. However, in its current form, the short-wave model supports only waves in one direction. Therefore, it cannot cope with reflection effects associated with, e.g., inhomogeneities. Theoretical explorations of creation and internal reflection of otoacoustic emissions have almost exclusively been based on the long-wave model. In this article the road is paved for future explorations on a generalized form of the short-wave model, one that supports forward as well as backward waves, and thus can include internal reflections.