Index of content:
Volume 109, Issue 1, January 2001
- SPEECH PERCEPTION 
109(2001); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1327578View Description Hide Description
This study evaluated the effects of time compression and expansion on sentence recognition by normal-hearing (NH) listeners and cochlear-implant(CI) recipients of the Nucleus-22 device. Sentence recognition was measured in five CI users using custom 4-channel continuous interleaved sampler (CIS) processors and five NH listeners using either 4-channel or 32-channel noise-band processors. For NH listeners, recognition was largely unaffected by time expansion, regardless of spectral resolution. However, recognition of time-compressed speech varied significantly with spectral resolution. When fine spectral resolution (32 channels) was available, speech recognition was unaffected even when the duration of sentences was shortened to 40% of their original length (equivalent to a mean duration of 40 ms/phoneme). However, a mean duration of 60 ms/phoneme was required to achieve the same level of recognition when only coarse spectral resolution (4 channels) was available. Recognition patterns were highly variable across CI listeners. The best CI listener performed as well as NH subjects listening to corresponding spectral conditions; however, three out of five CI listeners performed significantly poorer in recognizing time-compressed speech. Further investigation revealed that these three poorer-performing CI users also had more difficulty with simple temporal gap-detection tasks. The results indicate that limited spectral resolution reduces the ability to recognize time-compressed speech. Some CI listeners have more difficulty with time-compressed speech, as produced by rapid speakers, because of reduced spectral resolution and deficits in auditory temporal processing.