Volume 109, Issue 2, February 2001
Index of content:
- NOISE: ITS EFFECTS AND CONTROL 
109(2001); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1339824View Description Hide Description
An attempt has been made to use a modified version of a standard active noise control algorithm in order to take into account the unique response of the human auditory system. It has been shown in the past that decreasing the sound pressure level at a location does not guarantee a similar decrease in the perceived loudness at that location. Typically, active noise control is based on minimizing the “error signal” from a mechanical device such as a microphone, whose response is nominally flat across the frequency response range of the human ear. However, if the response of the ear can be approximated by digitally filtering the error signal before it reaches the adaptive controller, one can, in effect, minimize the more subjective loudness level, as opposed to the sound pressure level. The work reported here entails simulating active noise control based upon minimizing perceived loudness for a collection of input noise signals. A comparison of the loudness of the resulting error signal is made to the loudness of that resulting from standard sound pressure level minimization. It has been found that the effectiveness of this technique is largely dependent upon the nature of the input noise signal. Furthermore, this technique is judged to be worth considering for use with applications of active noise control where the uncontrolled noise more prominently constitutes low range audio frequencies (approximately 30 Hz–100 Hz) than medium range audio frequencies (approximately 300 Hz–600 Hz).