Index of content:
Volume 111, Issue 2, February 2002
- NOISE: ITS EFFECTS AND CONTROL 
Reduction of electronic delay in active noise control systems— A multirate signal processing approach111(2002); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1432980View Description Hide Description
Electronic delay has been a critical problem in active noise control(ANC)systems. This is true whether a feedforward structure or a feedback structure is adopted. In particular, excessive delays would create a causality problem in a feedforward ANCsystem of a finite-length duct. This paper suggests a multirate signal-processing approach for minimizing the electronic delay in the control loop. In this approach, digital controllers are required in decimation and interpolation of discrete-time signals. The computation efficiency is further enhanced by a polyphase method, where the phases of low-pass finite impulse response (FIR) filters must be carefully designed to avoid unnecessary delays. Frequency domain optimization procedures based on and norms, respectively, are utilized in the FIR filter design. The proposed method was implemented by using a floating-point digital signal processor. Experimental results showed that the multirate approach remains effective for suppressing a broadband (200–600 Hz) noise in a duct with a minimum upstream measurement microphone placement of 20 cm.