Volume 113, Issue 4, April 2003
Index of content:
- ULTRASONICS, QUANTUM ACOUSTICS, AND PHYSICAL EFFECTS OF SOUND 
113(2003); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1559177View Description Hide Description
Attenuation in a gas results from a combination of classical attenuation, attenuation from diffusion, and attenuation due to molecular relaxation. In previous papers [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 109, 1955 (2001); 110, 2974 (2001)] a model is described that predicts the attenuation from vibrational relaxation in gas mixtures. In order to validate this model, the attenuation was measured using a pulse technique with four transducer pairs, each with a different resonant frequency. The attenuation calculated using the model was compared to the measured values for a variety of gases including: air, oxygen, methane, hydrogen, and mixtures of oxygen/nitrogen, methane/nitrogen, carbon dioxide/nitrogen, and hydrogen/nitrogen. After the measured data is corrected for diffraction, the model matches the trends in the measured attenuation spectrum for this extensive set of gas mixtures.
113(2003); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1554694View Description Hide Description
The scattering of the SH0 mode from discontinuities in the geometry of a plate has been studied. Both finite element and modal decomposition methods have been used to study the reflection and transmission characteristics from a thickness step in a plate, obtaining very good agreement. The significance of nonpropagating modes in the scattering from steps in plates has been specifically investigated. A method to approximate the reflection from rectangular notches by superimposing the reflection from a step down (start of the notch) and a step up (end of the notch) has been proposed. It is demonstrated that it is possible to use this method to obtain the reflection from a notch of any depth and at any frequency. The effect of frequency on the reflection from notches has been examined. The limits of this method in approximating cracklike defects have also been studied.
113(2003); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1555076View Description Hide Description
Experiments with an annular thermoacoustic engine employing quasiadiabatic interaction between traveling acoustic waves and an inhomogeneously heated porous material indicate the presence of a closed-loop mass flux. A qualitative modeling of the enthalpy flux in the thermoacoustic core provides an opportunity to estimate the thermal convection associated with this mass flux, by using temperature measurement at different positions in the system. The estimated acoustically induced mass flux is in accordance with recent theoretical results.